Cervical vertebrae has a small hole transverse

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Cervical vertebrae (has a small hole)-Transverse foramen for passing blood vessels and nerves-Body is small and wider-Spinous process is short (C3-C5) and bifid (C3-C5), C7 has a long spinous processThoracic vertebrae-Have the costal facets for articulation with ribs-The spinous processes are long and slopes posteroinferiorly-Transverse processes are long, strong and extend posterolaterallyLumbar vertebraelumbar vertebrae are distinguished by their-Absence of costal facetsfind more resources at oneclass.comfind more resources at oneclass.com
-Massive bodies-L5 is the largest of all movable vertebraeSacrumSacrum is usually composed of five fused sacral vertebrae in adultsThe sacrum forms the posterior part of the bony pelvicArticular facets for articulation with L5 and hip boneCoccyxcoccyx is usually formed by four rudimentary vertebrae, but there may be one less or morethe 1st coccygeal vertebra may be separatethe last 3 often fuse during lifeThoracic Cage and Wallis formed by the 12 pairs of ribs, sternum, costal cartilages, and 12 thoracic vertebrae. Alongwith the skin and associated fascia and muscles, the thoracic cage form the thoracic wallThe role of the thoracic cage- lodges and protects the content of the thoracic cavity- provides attachments for muscles- supports the pectoral girdle (shoulder girdle)the thoracic walls provides mechanical function of breathingSkeleton of Thoracic WallRibsTrue ribs (first 7 ribs) attach directly to the sternum through their own costal cartilagesFalse ribs (8th to 10th ribs) their cartilages are jointed to that of that rib immediately superiorto them. their connection with sternum is indirectFloating (vertebra , free) ribs ( 11th and 12th ribs) they do not connect with the sternumtypical ribs have : Head that has two facets for articulation with vertebrae, Neck,Tuberclethat has one articular area for articulation with vertebra, shaftSternumConsists of three parts, manubrium, body, and xiphoid processLies at the level of the bodies of T3 to T10 vertebraeArticulates with clavicles and pairs of costal cartilages of 1st to 7th ribsThe jugular notch, sternal angle, and xiphoid process are palpable and are the importantlandmarksBones of the PelvisPelvic SkeletonFormed by 4 bonesHip bones, two large, irregular shaped bones, each of which develops from the fusion of threebones, ilium, ischium, and pubisSacrum, formed by the fusion of five originally separate sacral vertebraeCoccyx, formed by the fusion of four coccygeal vertebraeHip boneIlium: the flattened, fan -shaped part of the hip boneIschium: the body helps form the acetabulum and the rams helps form the obturator foramenIschial tuberosity is the place where semitendinosus, semimembranosus and biceps femursattach tofind more resources at oneclass.comfind more resources at oneclass.com
Pubis: the superior rams helps form the acetabulum, and inferior rams helps form theobturator foramenthe symphyseal surface of the body of the pubis articulates with body of the contralateral

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Term
Fall
Professor
Jingxianli
Tags
Vertebra, Bones of the torso

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