Question 6 a southerners who produced raw materials

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Question 6 a. Southerners, who produced raw materials such as cotton, felt that the tariff favored Northeastern manufacturing interests by protecting their goods from European competition, while driving up prices for most Americans and inspiring retaliatory tariffs. b. The debate over the Missouri Compromise, along with the prospect of slave uprisings, fueled southern fears that the federal government might try to tamper with—and possibly outlaw—slavery. c. Southerners felt that the tariff was lopsided; that the goods they sold in the world market were unprotected by tariffs, while they had to buy goods with heftier price tags due to the tariff duties. It seemed to southerners they bore most of the costs but got few of the benefits that middle and northern states enjoyed. d. Correct answer. While the West was growing and the Northeast was thriving economically, the South was experiencing a slowdown and the beginning of difficult economic times. e. Advocates of states’ rights, many Southerners felt the government was overstepping its authority with such tariffs. Question 7 a. Many states, including South Carolina, did attempt to prevent adoption of the so-called Tariff of Abominations in Congress, but this effort is a normal part of the political process and not nullification. b. Correct answer. South Carolina’s effort to exert its states’ rights position by declaring the tariff void within its borders. States’ rights advocates, embracing nullification, argued that they had the right to reject any federal laws that were not in the best interests of the people of their individual states. It provoked a showdown between Jackson and the state. c. While other states such as Georgia and Virginia hated the tariff, only South Carolina took dramatic steps to nullify and refuse to collect the tariff. d. Only South Carolina flirted with secession; other states, even while sharing South Carolina’s opposition, did not even go as far as to vote to nullify the tariff or to threaten to leave the Union.
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e. Henry Clay of Kentucky tried to work out a compromise over the tariff issue and supported a compromise bill in 1833 that would cut the Tariff of 1832 by about 10 percent over eight years so that by 1842, tariffs would be back to the greatly lessened level of 1816. Question 8 a. Many other tribes resisted white encroachment on their lands using violent means if necessary; the Cherokees did not. b. Correct answer. Cherokees used the strategy of accommodation to white ways of life to stave off encroachment on their land. They moved from a semi-nomadic life to that of settled agriculture and private property, including plantations with slaves. Governmentally, they adopted a written constitution and an executive, legislative, and judicial system. c. Inter-marriage with whites was not a strategy used by the Cherokees to keep whites from stealing their land.
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  • Fall '12
  • Ms.Kim
  • AP US History, Correct Answer, President of the United States, John Quincy Adams, a. Jackson

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