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The respiratory system would compensate to the

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The respiratory system would compensate to the minimalamount of oxygen breathed by increasing respiration tograsp in more O2.The constant release of mucus by the submucosal glandand goblet cells does not provide any relief to the narrowedairways which leads exertional dyspnea.oPatients exert effort to increase ventilatory demandrelative to the impaired capacity of breathing inoxygen.The retained CO2 in the respiratory system would try tomove out through the obstructed or narrowed airways inwhich a high pitched or a wheezing sound is then heard.Chronic bronchitis is irreversible, with all its associatedsigns and symptoms occurring in the entire lifespan of thepatient such as less amount of O2 inhalation, the patientwould eventually become hypoxic.ohypoxemia is when there is little amount of oxygenin the blood while hypoxia means there is littleamount of oxygen in the organs already.constant or long-lasting hypoxemia eventuallyleads to hypoxia.When organs are less perfused (little amount of blood withoxygen received), this causes impairments and reactions.oThe kidneys, for instance, could not function wellwhich would affect the patient’surine output. Thekidneys would then react to the little amount of O2 inthe blood resulting to dysfunction and compensatethe situation by releasing a hormone callederythropoietin. Erythropoiesis causes increase inhemoglobin count.Hemoglobin are the ones that carries oxygen.Basically, the kidneys react to the little amount ofblood with oxygen. Recognizing that maybe thebody probably lacks hemoglobin which is theoxygen-carrier substance of the blood. Thus, thekidneys react by releasing the erythropoietinhormone to increase hgb count.Therefore, CBC results of COPD patients reflecthigh hgb count because this is the compensatorymechanism of the kidney organs.Increase in the hemoglobin count leads to another problemwhich is polycythemia vera.opolycythemia vera due to high amount of hemoglobincauses the blood to become thicker. Thickening ofblood, or hypercoagulability, makes the patientprone to blood clots.Such also causes viscosity or stickiness resulting to slowingdown the flow of the blood.oslow movement of the blood for oxygen and carbondioxide exchange in the lungs and towards the bodysystems.Especially in the pulmonary arteries, the blood vesselswouldcompensatesuchslowmovementsthroughvasoconstriction.oconstricted vessels cause increase in pressure andthus, increasing the blood flow.However, such compensation of vasoconstricting thevessels, would only further complicate into pulmonaryhypertension.oPulmonary hypertension happens because thevasoconstriction of vessels mostly occurs in thepulmonary circuit (pulmonary arteries and veins).

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Term
Fall
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic bronchitis

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