Gastrodynia: Stomach pain o AKA gastralgia Halitosis: Bad breath o Halitus = breath Hematemesis: Vomiting blood o Sign of digestive disorders Hepatomegaly: Abnormal enlargement of the liver Jaundice: yellowish-orange coloration of the scin, sclera of the eyes, and deep tissue o Accumulation of bile pigments in the bloodstream that are usually removed by the liver Nausea: Symptom of dizziness and usually includes vomiting o Nausia = seasickness Reflux: backward flow of material in the GI tract Steatorrhea: abnormal levels of fat in the feces Diseases and Disorders Anorexia nervosa: emotional eating disorder where the person avoids food due to a compulsion to become thin Appendicitis: Inflammation of the appendix Bulimia: Eating disorder involving repeated gorging with food followed by induced vomiting or laxative abuse
o Boulimia = ravenous hunger Cheilitis: Inflammation of the lip o Splitting of the lips and corners of the mouth due to vitamin B deficiency Cholecystitis: Inflammation of the gallbladder o Caused by gallstones Choledochitis: Inflammation of the common bile duct Cholelithiasis: Stones lodged in the gallbladder or bile duct Cirrhosis: Chronic, progressive liver disease where there is a gradual loss of liver cells and they are replaced by fat o Caused by alcoholism Colitis: Inflammation of the colon Colorectal cancer: Cancer of the colon Crohn disease: Chronic inflammation of any part of the GI tract that involves ulcerations, scar tissue formation, and thickening adhesions of the organ wall o AKA regional ileitis or regional enteritis o Inherited Diverticulosis: Small pouches that form on the wall of the colon o Diverticulitis: can be caused Duodenal ulcer: ulcer in the wall of the duodenum of the small int. Dysentery: acute inflammation of the GI tract caused by protozoa o Severe diarrhea Enteritis: Inflammation of the small or large intestine Esophagitis: Inflammation of the esophagus o Caused by acid reflux o Chronic = esophagomalacia or esophageal cancer Food-borne illness: Ingestion of food contaminated with harmful bacteria Gastrectasis: abnormal stretching of the stomach o
CHAPTER 11 04/01/2015 °
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- Spring '08
- Upper respiratory tract, Pleural cavity