Hence rethinking of design provides bene fi ts for

  • No School
  • AA 1
  • 150

This preview shows page 28 - 30 out of 150 pages.

waistlines). Hence, rethinking of design provides bene fi ts for both consumers and the environment with single-pair, multiple-function clothing without requiring the purchase of multiple pairs of clothing. According to ISO 14062:2002 (the International Organization for Standardization 2002), there are fi ve major bene fi ts of eco-design for consumers and apparel companies. First, eco-design allows cost reduction by optimizing the usage of materials, energy, processes, and waste disposal, as well as reducing costs. Second, it offers the simulations of new products in innovative and creative aspects. Environmental Sustainability in the Textile Industry 23
Image of page 28
Third, it promotes new product development using material waste or disposed material. Fourth, it augments consumer s purchase intentions beyond their expec- tations. Fifth, it enhances the organization s or brand s image. Finally, it improves consumer loyalty. Despite these recognized bene fi ts, it is rare to fi nd eco-design approaches in the design of bikes themselves or related gear including apparel and accessories. For instance, the traditional bike helmet is made with expanded polystyrene that is a non-biodegradable petrochemical made of plastic and is dif- fi cult to recycle because of the material s minimal weight (Borromeo 2014 ). Due to the fact that the use of bikes is rapidly emerging as a popular, eco-friendly practice, bike commuters often think that they already contribute to the environment enough and tend not to consider the importance of eco-friendliness associated with their actual bike, cyclist clothing, and accessory usage (Borromeo 2014 ). 4 Five Phases of Environmental Sustainability in the Textile Industry In 2006, to promote environmentally sustainable product development, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) released ISO 14040: 2006 (environmental management life cycle assessment), the improved life cycle assessment (LCA) standards designed to assess the environmental impact of a product throughout its life cycle from raw materials to manufacturing and from consumption to discarding of used products (International Organization for Standardization 2006 ). These new standards encourage companies to use resources ef fi ciently for reducing negative environmental impacts with the systemized assessment processes over a product s life span (International Organization for Standardization 2006 ). Based on the ISO standards, in the textile industry, there are fi ve phases in a product s life cycle to be considered for environmental sustain- ability: (a) material phase, (b) manufacturing phase, (c) retail phases, (d) con- sumption phases, and (e) disposal phases. 4.1 Material Phase 4.1.1 The Use of Materials in the Textile Industry In the textile industry, there are two major categories of materials used to produce textile products, man-made fi ber (MMF), and natural fi ber. Man-made fi ber (MMF) contains synthetic (or arti fi cial) fi ber and regenerated cellulosic fi bers that are signi fi cantly altered in chemical composition, structure, and properties during
Image of page 29
Image of page 30

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 150 pages?

  • Fall '19
  • environmental sustainability

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors