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ECE _ DSST Organizational Behavior

Consequently they tend to take cognitive shortcuts

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abilities and often have to deal with an overwhelming amount of information. Consequently they tend to take cognitive shortcuts when making decisions. Success on a job is facilitated or hindered by the existence or absence of support resources. Even though an individual may be able and willing to do a job, there may be obstacles that constrain performance. This concept is referred to as the opportunity to perform. When one attempts to assess why an employee may not be performing to the level that he or she is believed to be capable of, one should take a look at the work environment to see it’s supportive. For example, does the employee have adequate tools; does the employee have favorable working conditions, helpful coworkers, supportive rules and procedures, and etc? If not, performance will suffer. Management by Objectives is a program that encompasses specific goals, participatively set, for an explicit time period, with feedback on goal progress . Management by Objectives (MBO) emphasizes participatively set goals that are tangible, verifiable, and measurable. MBO focuses on converting overall organizational objectives into specific objectives for organizational units and individual members. Each person has an identifiable and specific contribution to be made. If each individual achieves their goals, then their unit’s goals will be attained and the organization’s overall objectives will become a reality. Four ingredients are common to MBO programs: goal specificity, participative decision making, an explicit time period, and performance feedback.
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OB Mod is a program where managers identify performance-related employee behaviors and then implement an intervention strategy to strengthen desirable performance behaviors and weaken undesirable behaviors. The typical OB Mod program follows a five-step problem solving model: (1) identification of performance-related behaviors; (2) the measurement of behaviors; (3) identification of behavioral contingencies; (4) development and implementation of an intervention strategy; and (5) evaluation of performance improvement. OB Mod has been used by a number of organizations to improve productivity and to reduce errors, absenteeism, tardiness, and accident rates. Employee involvement is a participative process that uses the entire capacity of employees and is designed to encourage increased commitment to the organization’s success. The underlying logic is that by involving workers in those decisions that affect them and by increasing their autonomy and control over their work lives, employees will become more motivated, more committed to the organization, more productive, and more satisfied with their jobs. Participative management is a process where subordinates share a significant degree of decision-making power with their immediate superiors. At times, this type of management has been promoted as the panacea for poor morale and low productivity. However, participative management is not appropriate for every organization or every work unit. For it to
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