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By 1948 DP leader Samuel Gringauz stated sourly in the American-Jew-ish journal Commentarythat “Jewish survivors in German DP camps are anobstacle to Cold War reconciliation with Germany. . . . They are still inacute conflict with the nation which Allied occupation policy wants to makeinto an ally.”31For antifascists involved in postwar reconstruction and reliefefforts, such as Bartley Crum of the Anglo-American Committee of In-quiry on Palestine, which investigated conditions in the DP camps, and IraH irschmann, Fiorello La Guardia’s personal UNRRA representative, who28Samuel Gringauz, “Our New German Policy and the DPs: Why Immediate Resettle-ment Is Imperative,” Commentary5 (1948): 510. In general, see also Dinnerstein.29Zorach Wahrhaftig, “Life in Camps 6 Months after Liberation,” November 27, 1945,in A rchives of the Holocaust, 9:134; Wahrhaftig, Uprooted, 39. For case studies of relationsbetween Jewish DPs and the local German population in Landsberg, see Angelika Eder,“Jüdische Displaced Persons im deutschen Alltag: Eine Regionalstudie 1945–1950,” FritzBauer Jahrbuch(1997), 163–87; and D. Kohlmannslehner, “Das Verhältnis von deutschenund jüdischen Displaced Persons in Lager Lampertheim 1945–1949,” paper, Fritz BauerInstitut Archives, Frankfurt am Main.30Contemporary critics regularly blamed American GI and officer contact with Germanwomen for the conciliatory policies and antipathy toward Jewish DPs. This is a complicatedtheme that deserves much more analysis; German women did exercise real influence in theearly postwar years not only through their sexual relationships with the occupiers but alsoin their positions as translators and clerical workers.31Gringauz, 508–14, esp. 508. H e sees the period from the fall of 1945 until the sum-mer of 1947 as a “golden age” (509).
302AT I N AGR O S S M A N Ndistrusted the Germans and mourned the demise of the alliance with theSoviet Union, the poor treatment of the DPs and denial of emigration toPalestine and elsewhere were just another aspect of a dangerous policy thatcoddled the Germans and corrupted the occupiers. Especially liberal andleftist Americans, including a significant number of former German-Jewsnow stationed in Germany, saw the turn toward reconciliation and recoveryfor Germany as a source of future fascism. The new agenda of “businessbefore democracy” persecuted former resisters and punished the victims bykeeping them locked away in DP camps rather than supporting their desireto begin a new life in Palestine, which many officials had discovered onofficial tours to be a “miracle of orange groves and olive trees.”32Outrageat the treatment of Jewish DPs and pro-Zionism were thus frequently linkedto bitterness over the Cold War and the sacrifice of de-Nazification and realdemocracy in the name of anti-Communism and rebuilding Germany.