Crime and social reform a reformers believed that the

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6.Crime and Social Reform a.reformers believed that the existing poor laws failed to address societies problems b.secular reformers formed institutes to instruct the working classes in the applied sciences in order to make them more productive members of society c.organized religion attacked crime and poverty in a variety of ways 1.British evangelicals set up Sunday Schools to improve morals of working children 2.German evangelicals established nurseries for homeless and orphaned children 3.Catholic missionaries used spiritual instruction and recreation to turn young males away from the moralvices of gambling and drinking and female workers from lives of prostitution B.The Reform of Prisons 5.by 1820, most European countries were turning away from the indiscriminate use of capital punishment in favor of imprisonment 6.the United States led the way in prison innovation with such prisons as Auburn Prison in New York and Walnut Street Prison in Philadelphia 7.after examining the American prisons, both the French and British constructed prisons on the Walnut Street model with separate cells that isolated prisoners from one another 8.as prison populations increased, solitary confinement proved expensive and less feasible 9.prison reform and police forces were geared toward the creation of a more disciplined society V.CULTURE IN AN AGE OF REACTION AND REVOLUTION: THE MOOD OF ROMANTICISMA.The Characteristics of Romanticism1.the romantic movement had its roots in Germany2.The Sorrows of the Young Werther, a German novel written by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832) served as a model for future romantic writing
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3.Romanticism can be identified be the following characteristics:

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