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care, so the patient can maintain compliance with continuing care. Other considerations regarding access to care can include language barriers and cultural differences that may make thepatient distrustful, confused, or even unclear about managing heart disease. Heart failure
THE CAUSES AND CARE10patients must be able to overcome the previously mentioned concerns to control their care well and prevent readmission to hospitals or further progression of the disease. Access to healthcare and management of heart failure means finding ways to overcome day to day obstacles in that person's life. Treatment options:Medications are shown to be the best treatment for heart failure through research studies. Heart failure patients may need multiple medications for different symptoms. These medicationshave been proven to extend and save lives by improving the heart’s function. Patients with heart failure can expect good results when they take the prescribed medications continually and followthe directions of the cardiologist even if they begin to improve. Managing medical regimen can decrease symptoms associated with heart failure and help people lead a better quality of life. Life expectancy:Lifestyle changes may slow the disease progression and increase life expectancy. These may include gradually reduce weight to decrease blood pressure, reducing sodium intake, and eating a heart-healthy diet. All of which will decrease the workload of the heart and increase lifeexpectancy. Another option in my community is cardiac rehabilitation facilities. These facilities help heart disease patients rehabilitate, manage exercise, and implement a healthy diet with support, equipment, and education. Lifestyle changes can prove difficult, but they can also provevery beneficial. With access and treatment and options that vary patients can manage and even drastically change the progression of the disease. The life expectancy of diagnosed heart failure patients has sharply increased due to the new treatments and medications over the past several years. According to the American Heart Association, 2018, the life expectancy after diagnosis ofheart failure is approximately five years. When the patient complies with a medication regimen,
THE CAUSES AND CARE11physical suggestions, and diet modification, patients can increase their life expectancy beyond the five years. Outcomes:Better outcomes can be achieved by using surgical procedures and devices that are offered when medications and lifestyle change are not enough to control the symptoms of the disease. Devices can be implanted in the patient's body to manage and maintain the necessary work the heart cannot accomplish on its own. Surgical procedures can increase life expectancy and provide better outcomes for these patients. Other ways to achieve better results is to educate the patient on when to contact their cardiologist. Being able to recognize changes in symptoms such as rapid weight gain, shortness of breath, or swelling in the extremities can be an essential reason to notify the cardiologist.