XIf the infant has diarrhea estimate the number and volume of loose stools

Xif the infant has diarrhea estimate the number and

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X.If the infant has diarrhea, estimate the number and volume of loose stools, decreased urinary output, and degree of dehydration. Ensure adequate oxygenation and ventilation. Perform chest compressions in addition to positive-pressure ventilation if the pulse rate is less than 60 beats/min. Administer fluid therapy. Y.If fever is suspected, observe for rashes. Obtain a careful history and vital signs. Ensure adequate oxygenation and ventilation. Remove additional clothing layers, and improve ventilation in the environment. Perform chest compressions if necessary. Do not administer antipyretic agents. Z.Birth trauma includes avoidable and unavoidable injuries resulting from mechanical forces during delivery. A difficult birth or injury can occur because of the newborn’s size or position during labor and delivery. AA.Cardiac emergencies in newborns can come from various congenital heart diseases or malformations. Post-Lecture This section contains various student-centered end-of-chapter activities designed as enhancements to the instructor’s presentation. As time permits, these activities may be presented in class. They are also designed to be used as homework activities. Assessment in Action
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This activity is designed to assist the student in gaining a further understanding of issues surrounding the provision of prehospital care. The activity incorporates both critical thinking and application of paramedic knowledge. Instructor Directions 1.Direct students to read the “Assessment in Action” scenario located in the Prep Kit at the end of Chapter 42. 2.Direct students to read and individually answer the quiz questions at the end of the scenario. Allow approximately 10 minutes for this part of the activity. Facilitate a class review and dialogue of the answers, allowing students to correct responses as may be needed. Use the quiz question answers noted below to assist in building this review. Allow approximately 10 minutes for this part of the activity. 3.You may wish to ask students to complete the activity on their own and turn in their answers on a separate piece of paper. Answers to Assessment in Action Questions 1.Answer: D.Positive-pressure ventilation Rationale: Newborns, especially those who are born prematurely, may be born with an inadequate respiratory effort that requires your assistance. Opening the airway and providing positive-pressure ventilations is the first step required to deliver breaths at an adequate rate and volume. 2.Answer: C.40 to 60 breaths/min Rationale: Newborns start their life with small lungs, which means the volume inhaled with each breath is small. In order for the appropriate minute ventilation to be achieved, newborns have a built-in respiratory rate of 40 to 60 breaths/min. Therefore, it is important that the care you provide matches the newborn’s natural respiratory rate and volume.
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