Crccopaclie1 page 12 ii implementation of the

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CRC/C/OPAC/LIE/1 page 12 II. IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PROTOCOL: REMARKS ON THE ARTICLES OF THE PROTOCOL Article 1: Minimum age for direct participation in hostilities 44. Liechtenstein has no national armed forces and hence no legislation governing the minimum age for participation of members of armed forces in hostilities. See also the remarks on article 3. Article 2: Minimum age for compulsory recruitment 45. Liechtenstein has no national armed forces and hence no compulsory military service. There is thus no danger that persons who have not attained the age of 18 years could be recruited into armed forces. See also the remarks on article 3. Article 3: Minimum age for voluntary recruitment 46. Pursuant to article 3, paragraph 2, each State Party shall deposit a binding declaration upon ratification of or accession to the Protocol that sets forth the minimum age at which it will permit voluntary recruitment into its national armed forces and a description of the safeguards it has adopted to ensure that such recruitment is not forced or coerced. Upon ratification, Liechtenstein deposited the following declaration: “The Principality of Liechtenstein declares that, with respect to the Principality of Liechtenstein, articles 1 and 2 as well as article 3, in particular paragraph 2, of the Optional Protocol of 25 May 2000 to the Convention on the Rights of the Child of 20 November 1989 on the involvement of children in armed conflict have to be understood in light of the fact that the Principality of Liechtenstein has no national armed forces and that hence no legislation on a minimum age for the recruitment of persons into the armed forces and for taking part in hostilities exists. The Principality of Liechtenstein regards the ratification of the Optional Protocol as part of its continuing commitment to the protection of the rights of children and at the same time as an act of its solidarity with the objectives of the said Protocol.” 47. Liechtenstein thus has no national armed force and hence also no legislation on the recruitment of persons into national armed forces or on participation in hostilities. 48. The only possibility - of a rather theoretical nature, however - of a Liechtenstein citizen experiencing any sort of compulsory military service would arise from article 44, paragraph 1 of the Liechtenstein Constitution (Liechtenstein Law Gazette LGBl. 1921 No. 15), pursuant to which every man fit to bear arms is required, until the completion of his 60th year, to serve in the defense of the country in the event of an emergency. This article of the Constitution neither specifies a minimum age for this requirement to serve in the national defense, nor is the term “fit
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CRC/C/OPAC/LIE/1 page 13 to bear arms” defined. However, the article may be read in conjunction with the Weapons Act (LGBl. 1971 No. 48): According to article 9(a) of the Weapons Act, young people under the age of 18 are prohibited from acquiring, possessing, or carrying weapons. According to article 10 of
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  • Summer '16
  • Ramon Wawire
  • European Union, Council of Europe, European Convention on Human Rights

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