Unpopular in france because it seemed as though it

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unpopular in France because it seemed as though it would end the Revolution 40. Gracchus Babeuf-During the Directory he pushed to go even further than had been or wanted by those like the Jacobins. He wanted to abolish private property and enterprise. His conspiracy was crushed and he was executed 41. Napoleon Bonaparte- army general who rose to become Emperor of France and conquered more the half of Europe. Established a Consulate, Concordat with the church, and Civil Code. Defeated 1815 at Waterloo 42. Italian and Egyptian campaigns- In Italy, Napoleon turned a group of ill-disciplined soldiers into an effective fighting force and in a series of stunning victories defeated the Austrians and dictated them to peace in 1797. When trying to conquer Britain,
Napoleon tried going into Egypt and taking it, which in turn threatened India. But his plain failed and Napoleon left 43. First Consul and Emperor-The Emperor (Napoleon) was the First Estate and he was the most powerful. His word alone could make something automatically happen. There were two other consuls. Napoleon was made the First Consul for life. He later returned to the monarchy and crowned himself monarch 44. the Concordat- an agreement that Napoleon arranged with the pope in 1801. Just by signing it, the pope acknowledged the accomplishments of the revolution and the Catholic Church was no longer an enemy of the French government 45. the Civil Code-recognized the equality of all citizens before the law, the right of individuals to choose their professions, religious toleration and the abolition of serfdom and feudalism 46. Germaine de Stael- wrote novels and political works that said Napoleon was tyrannical. Napoleon then banned her books from France and exiled her to the German states where she continued to write 47. Austerlitz and Trafalgar-the site of a decisive defeat of a combined French-Spanish fleet by the British navy in 1805 48. fraternitie- Another reason Napoleon fell from power was Brotherhood It was that the people of France would stick together against the other peoples. And as Napoleon spread so did this idea and he became a hated oppressor and other countries also began to hate him 49. the Grand Army- more than 600,000 troops that invaded Russia and the Russians kept retreating, burning their own villages behind them. They fought once at Borodino where the French won a costly battle. The Russians kept on retreating and when they finally got to Moscow, everything was burned so the French army left. Only 40,000 men made the trek back to Poland alive 50. Elba and Saint Helena- Napoleon was allowed to rule on the island of Elba once he was defeated but he grew tired of this and
went back and rallied the French. Him and his army went and attacked Belgium at Waterloo and fought the British and Prussians. He lost badly. He was then exiled to the small forsaken island of Saint Helena Chapter 18 1. enlightened absolutism- an absolute monarchy in which the ruler follows the principles of the Enlightenment by introducing

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