Takes away from the childs individuality Suggest that there is something wrong

Takes away from the childs individuality suggest that

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Takes away from the child’s individuality Suggest that there is something wrong with the child Labels have permanence Basis for keeping children out of the regular classroom
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Requires great expenditure that might be better spend on planning and delivering instruction Why Are Laws Governing the Education of Exceptional Children Necessary? An Exclusionary Past Children who are different have often been denied full and fair access to educational opportunities Separate is Not Equal Special education was strongly influences by social developments and court decisions in the 1950s and 1960s (e.g. Brown vs. Board of Education) Equal Protection All children are entitled to a free, appropriate public education 1954: Brown vs. Board of Education 1964: Civil Rights Act 1972: PARC vs. Commonwealth of PA-Landmark Disability case 1975: Education of the Handicapped Act (IDEA) The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) Six major principles of IDEA 1. Zero Reject: Schools must educate all children with disabilities 2. Nondiscriminatory Identification and Evaluation: Schools must used nonbiased, multi-factored methods of evaluation 3. Free, Appropriate Public Education (FAPE): An IEP must be developed for each child 4. Least Restrictive Environment (LRE): Must educated with children without disabilities to the maximum extent appropriate 5. Due Process Safeguards: Parents’ and children’s rights protected
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6. Shared Decision Making: Schools must collaborate with parents Other provisions of The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) Extending special education services preschoolers Beginning with the 1990-91 school year, required each state fully serve all preschool children with disabilities, ages 3-5 Early intervention for infants and toddlers Incentive grant program to encourage states to provide early intervention services to infants and toddlers with disabilities and their families (IFSP- Individualized Family Service Plan) Related services and assistive technology IEP team must consider whether assistive technology is necessary in order for a child to receive FAPE. (alternative and augmentative communication devices, low-vision aids, positioning and mobility devices, and adaptive toys and games. Scientifically based instruction Special ed. And related services prescribed in the IEP must be “based on peer-reviewed research to the extent practicable”.
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