Question 14A graduate student receives a mailed survey asking her to participate in research about unpleasant experiences in graduate school. She is asked to return the survey, and the instructions say, “Return of this instrument implies consent.” Why does this constitute consent? Answers:a.The study is anonymous, so there is no risk of disclosure.b.Studies like this are exempt from institutional review board oversight, so consent is not required.c.Not returning the survey constitutes refusal, and subjects may indeed refuse by not completing the survey. The opposite is equally true.d.Only interventional research requires consent.Response Feedback:The requirements for written consent may be waived in research that “presents no more than minimal risk of harm to subjects and involves no procedures for which written consent is normally required outside of the research context.” For example, if questionnaires are usedto collect relatively harmless data, a signed consent form from the subjects would not be required. The subject’s completion of the questionnaire may serve as consent. The top of the questionnaire might contain a statement such as “Your completion of this questionnaire indicates your consent to participate in this study.”p. 179 Question 15The right an individual has to be told that he is a potential participant in a research study and may decide not to be so best defines which of the following human rights?
Module 1 Quiz -NURS-5366-407-PRINC-OF-RESEARCH-IN-NURSING--2019-Spring Question 16Hospital nurses are observed in order to determine exactly how long nurses swab IV ports with alcohol. Because they are being observed, they “scrub the hub” longer than they ordinarily would have. This is an example of what threat to validity of the the study design relevant to quantitative research?
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- Fall '16
- Denise Cauble
- Nursing, researcher