In the community sexual assault and sexual harassment

  • No School
  • AA 1
  • 4

This preview shows page 3 - 4 out of 4 pages.

in the community (sexual assault and sexual harassment in the workplace) and violence perpetrated or condoned by the State (custodial violence, violence against refugee women). Convention on the Elimination of All forms of Discrimination Against Women (1979) : Popularly known as CEDAW, it has been a landmark event in highlighting the issue of violence 10 . CEDAW calls for “right to protection from gender based abuse and neglect” along with highlighting issues related to economic survival, health and education. The Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women (1993) : It works closely with CEDAW, UDHR and Vienna declaration and Programme of Action. Due to the declaration, 25 November is celebrated as “International day for the Elimination of Violence against Women”. The main aim of the declaration is to create awareness among the States about violence against women being much more than just a private- domestic matter. The declaration, therefore, calls for active State intervention and reiterates United Nation's role in promotion and protection of women's rights around the globe. Important Legislative Solutions Worldwide: Keeping in terms with these declarations, countries worldwide are formulating legislations to proactively investigate domestic violence cases and do justice to the victims. In India, Domestic Violence Act came into being in 2005 (DVA-2005). It has been a landmark legislation as it made domestic violence a punishable offense. It covers violence against both women and children. Before the Act came into being, the only options available to victims of domestic violence was to either opt for divorce from spouse or take the support of section 498A of IPC (Indian Penal Code). Due to procedural delays involved in these options, justice got both delayed and denied to the victims. This led to formulation of DVA, 2005. DVA along with providing support to married women also addresses the concerns of women who are in live-in relationships. Even a single act of harassment or violence can be reported under this Act. Thus, DVA, 2005 provides a comprehensive opportunity to all the victims of domestic violence, who otherwise undergo humiliation for longer period of time before reporting. It is a liberal and forward looking Act and gives women the right to continue living in shared household even when the dispute is on 11 . The Act therefore, has tried to protect the physical, psychological as well as financial well being of the women complainant. Legal redressal is ensured to women through this Act and the needy ones are to be provided with medical aid, security as well as shelter facility. In United states of America, Violence Against Women Act (VAWA) a federal legislation came into operation in 1994 12 . It came into being after series of efforts in early 1990's. It works closely with other state agencies and is a legislation specifically designed to address domestic violence. It tries to coordinate and emphasize upon 'coordinated community response' at both State and local levels. It provides support to 'community based
Image of page 3
Image of page 4

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 4 pages?

  • Fall '19

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors