If the govt is to thrive it is essential that it

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If the govt. is to thrive it is essential that it ensures that the members of its party in the Commons and Lords support its policies and are not too critical. This means instructing party members when and where to vote. A three line whip is the strongest requirement; a failure to comply will lead to disciplinary action that in serious case can lead to expulsion or suspension from the party. (Three line whip = attendance is compulsory) Twenty or so MPs are appointed by PM as Whips to organize turnout at key votes. They differ from other party whips because these are appointed to salaried posts and are thus members of the Govt. The government Chief Whip whose official title is Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury is a member of the Cabinet. Adam Tomkins was against this process of whipping and insisted on removal of such procedures from Parliament. It is not just party politics that enables government to exert control over the Par. but the government also effectively controls the parliamentary timetable as specified in the House of Commons Standing Orders . Standing Order 14 gives government the upper hand despite allotting a few days to the leader of Opposition and second largest opposition respectively. Civil Service Clearly ministers cannot personally make all the hundreds of thousands of individual determinations that have to be made every day in the exercise of executive functions. Politically neutral, professional civil servants (a servant of the Crown working in a civil capacity who is not the holder of a political (or judicial) office; the holder of certain other offices in respect of whose tenure of office special provision has been made i.e. they remain in office when the government changes after a general election) are therefore an important element of the government system. Some decision making is also thought better kept at arm’s length from political partisan ministers and are instead taken by people appointed to senior public offices. Civil servants are employees of the Crown and not the British Parliament . They have some traditional and statutory responsibilities which to some extent protect them from being used for the political advantage of the party in power. Senior civil servants may be called to account to Parliament . As per the Cabinet Manual the role of the civil servants is to develop and implement government policies and to deliver public services, they are accountable to ministers who in turn are accountable to Parliament. It is also required of the ministers that they uphold the political impartiality of the Civil Service and not ask civil servants to act in any way that would conflict with the Civil Service Code or the requirements of the Constitutional Reform Act 2010 (the 2010 Act has put the regulation of Civil Service on a statutory footing and removed it from the ambit of prerogative powers) . Ministers should also give fair consideration and due weight to impartial and informed advice of civil servants and civil servants should not be asked to engage in activities likely to call into question their political impartiality.
Scott L. Greer summarized the key features of British Civil Service as

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