How can ethics and philosophy help make better decisions about agriculture? A: Ethics and philosophy can help make better decisions about agriculture through using the two to see which decisions about balancing acceptable risks in relation to the scientific, economic, and material gains of those who most benefit can be better in- formed.
Richard D. Duarte Article #5 “Environmental Ethics” Alasdair Cochrane April 20, 2017 Author Note: Alasdair Cochrane, London School of Economics and Political Science. He is a British political theorist and ethicist who is currently a senior lecturer in political theory in the Department of Politics at the University of Sheffield . He is known for his work on animal rights from the perspective of political theory.
The field of environmental ethics concerns human beings’ ethical relationship with the natural environment. The development of such awareness was aided by the publication of two important books at this time. Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring , first published in 1962, alerted readers to how the widespread use of chemical pesticides was posing a serious threat to public health and leading to the destruction of wildlife. The job of environmental ethics is to outline our moral obligations in the face of such concerns. In order to tackle just what our obligations are, it is usually thought necessary to consider first why we have them. Aldo Leopold’s “land ethic” demands that we stop treating the land as a mere object or resource. In order to preserve the relations within the land, Leopold claims that we must move towards a “land ethic”, thereby granting moral standing to the land community itself, not just its individual members. If Leopold’s injunction is ignored by such people, must we simply give up hope of formulating any environmental obligations? In the search for more concrete foundations, Lawrence E. Johnson has built an alternative case for according moral standing to holistic entities (Johnson, 1993).
The answer that has been put forward by Callicott claims that while the biotic community matters morally, it is not the only community that matters. Rather, we are part of various “nested” communities all of which have claims upon us. Thus, our obligations to the
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 9 pages?
- Summer '19
- Silent Spring