Nixon recognizes the arms race has plateaued The USSR had caught up to the USA

Nixon recognizes the arms race has plateaued the ussr

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Nixon recognizes the arms race has plateaued The USSR had caught up to the USA while the USA was bogged down in Vietnam by 1969 the two superpowers have reach a rough equality Nixon’s goal: Limit arms race and help arrange an “honorable” exit from Vietnam knew they weren’t winning the war 1969-Negotionation with the US and USSR begin on Strategic Arms o both sides have a strategic triad The Inter Continental (long range) bomber ICBM Submarine launched ballistic missile (Poseidon and Trident) MIRV’s Strategic arms negotiation talks begin The Moscow Summit (Nixon is first president since FDR to visit USSR in 1972 Great Photo op Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT) Which limits the number of missiles each side can have Anti Ballistic missile treaty defense system Nixon Ousted! Ford Takes oath on August 1974 Ford Continues arms control talks and goes to Russia SALT II which includes bombers and MIRVs This is the high point of détente The Helsinki Conference (1975) There had been no peace treaty at the end of WW2 and the Russians pressed for a peace conferences to establish formal borders Kissinger, Ford, Breshnev and Gymko The Helsinki final act Basket 1: All signatories recognize the Post WW2 borders in Europe major win for the USSR Basket 2: promised cooperation in trade and cultural exchange Basket 3: Guaranteed respect for fundamental human rights of populations and a mechanism for monitoring major win for USA leads to issues in Europe President Cater 1977 Pledges to promote better human rights throughout the world and better relations w/ the USSR 1979 SALT II formally adopted
Breshnev and Cater “kiss” Right win critics war of “present danger” The End of Détente 1975-1980 Soviet-US rivalry in Africa Soviet Intermediate range missile in Europe Soviet invasion of Afghanistan (1979) Carter: “Moscow Nyet” March 21, 1980 o Order Olympic Athletes not to attend Moscow Olympics o Order Blockade on USSR March 25: Lecture 17: 2 nd Indochina War (notes 1) ° I. The Aftermath of the French withdrawl ° II. The Deepening American political involvement under Eisenhower ° III. The engagement of American military power under Kennedy ° IV. The escalation of War under Johnson ° V. Domestic opposition and American Disengagement ° VI. The Unification of the two Vietnams March 25: Lecture 17: 2 nd Indochina War (notes 2) Vietnam divided 1954 All Vietnam elections were to be held in 1956 for reunification. This was supposed to be a temporary division. North Vietnam’s leader: Ho Chi Minh. He was aided by China and the USSR South Vietnam’s leader: Jean Baptiste Ngo-Dinh Diem: anti-communist: the US backs Diem’s regime Diem cancels elections for reunification when it became clear that Ho Chi Minh would win the planned elections in 1956. Tensions mounted and Ho Chi Minh urged Vietminh fighters and sympathizers in the south to rise up against the government.

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