Four college students were killed and nine other

This preview shows page 7 - 9 out of 13 pages.

four college students were killed and nine other injured when members of the National Guard opened fire on antiwar demonstrators at Kent State University in Ohio. Ten days later, the police killed two black students at Jackson State University in Mississippi during a demonstration there. My Lai – Morale and discipline were rapidly deteriorating among U.S. troops in Vietnam, who had been fighting a savage and inconclusive war for more than five years. The trial and conviction in1971 of Lieutenant Willima Calley who was charged with overseeing a massacre of more than 300 unarmed South Vietnamese civilians, attracted wide public attention. Many Americans believed that the My Lai tragedy was not an isolated incident. Less publicized were other, more widespread problems among American troops in Vietnam: desertion, drug addictions, racial hostilities, refusal to obey orders, even the occasional killing of unpopular officers by enlisted men. “Peace with Honor” – As the 1972 presidential election approached, the administration stepped up its efforts to produce a breakthrough in negotiations with the North Vietnamese. In April 1972, the president dropped his longtime insistence on a removal of North Vietnamese troops form the south before any American withdrawal. Meanwhile, Hnery Kissinger was meeting privately in Paris with the North Vietnamese foreign secretary, Le Duc THo, to work out terms for a cease fire. On October 26 th , only days before the presidential election, Kissinger announced that “peace is at hand.” But several weeks later (after the election), negotiations broke down once
again. The American and North Vietnamese governments appeared ready to accept the Kissinger- Tho plan for a cease fire, but the regime of General Nguyen Van Thieu balked, still inisisting on a full withdrawal of North Vietnamese forces from the south. Kissinger tried to win additional concessions from the communists to meet Thieu’s objections, but on December 16 talks broke off. Nixon’s China Visit – In July 1971, Nixon sent Henry Kissinger on a secret mission to Beijing. When Kissinger returned, the president made the startling announcement that he would visit China within the next few months. That fall, with American approval, the United Nations admitted the communist government China and expelled the representatives of the Taiwan regime. Finally, in February 1972, Nixon paid a formal visit to China, which erased much of the deep American animosity toward the Chinese communists. Nixon Dcotrine – Central to the Nixon-Kissinger policy toward the Third Wolrd was the effort to maintain a stable status quo without involving the United States too deeply in local disputes. In 1969 and 1970, the president described what became known as the Nixon Doctrine, by which the United States would “participate in the defense and development of allies and friends” but would leave the “basic responsibility” for the future of those “friends” to the nations themselves.

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture