Begins trend of absolute destruction of china this is

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begins trend of absolute destruction of China -this is going to lead to china, having a strong sense of nationalism coming from this.. -this is the first moment of nationalism because so much humiliation after defeat...China will think about asserting themselves as a unified peopleExtraterritoriality-any (ex: British) citizen that was caught committing a crime in China would not be tried ina Chinese court, tried in Britain or British consulate-they would have the same rights as back home so the Chinese would have no jurisdiction War IndemnityBritain charged China $12 million for war expenses during the Opium War in 1842These humiliations led to the rise of Chinese nationalism$6 million for opium they destroyed$3 million for debts to merchants$12 for the trouble it took to get to Britain China’s Humiliation and Attempts at ReformTreaty of Wanghai 1844 (with U.S.)-Chinese (felt forced to) sign with Americans (not major power yet) but wanted to find oneeee sympathetic western ally-extended the principle of extraterritoriality to include civil as well as criminal cases-(So basically if it was human rights thing, chinese couldn’t try them in their court) -excepttttt if American was caught smuggling opium, subject to Chinese law-one of the unequal treaties -basically the Chinese can’t fuck with the ‘Murican’s in China -ALSOOOO if chinese are guilty of anything against american citizens then they were in trouble -ALSOOOOOOOOO -Chinese agreed to accept a fixed tariff rate (tax on imports) -forced to LIFT the ban on foreigners studying mandarinnn/other foreign dialect (which was used/essential to evangelical movement/conversion efforts of spreading Christianity around the world) → (chinese had banned the study of Chinese because they didnt want them spreading ideas/religion but it was lifted>.<)Treaties of Tientsin (Tianjin) 1858-series of treaties that extended trade concessions to all western powers(mor trade privileges) ANDDDDD all were granted MOST FAVOPRED NATION STATUS -all worked together to extract as many privileges from China t.t
-basically this treaty came from Brits and French using force to get what they want, they also easily defeated the poorly equipped and trained chinese -granted new concessions and enlarged some old ones -Chinese refused to ratify them even after it was signed -one of the unequal treaties -Basically this lowered China’s self esteem even more :( -they no longer had to compete for privileges cuz they all had favorite nation statusSino-Japanese War 1894-95Coup de Grace: outcome of the warHumiliating defeat of Chinese troopsChina didn’t want Japan taking over Korea(Japan colonizing Korean peninsula so Chinese sent reinforcements to stop) Japan actually entered Chinese territoryTreaty of Shimonoseki 1895 (down below)Japan was able to defeat both its neighborsThey would rather have lost to an Asian neighbor (Japan) than a western power because they are unpredictableTreaty of Shimonoseki 1895Forced China to sign it to gain sovereignty

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