The Earliest Asian Empires

China building of the great wall the boundary between

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China – building of the Great Wall, the boundary between the people inside China proper and the nomadic people E. Establishment of long-distance trade routes (e.g., Silk Road ) II. India before and after the Mauryan Empire A. End of Indus Valley Civilization (ca. 1900) to beginning of Mauryan Empire 1. Gradual shift from Indus to Ganga (Ganges) river valley; re-emergence of cities in Ganga valley, as well as earliest recorded states in 6 th cent. BCE 2. Development and strengthening of Vedic religion ( Brahmanism , pre-
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cursor of Hinduism) and challenging religions, particularly Buddhism and Jainism (began in 6 th cent. BCE); evolution of Sanskrit Other religion that is a threat to Brahmanism: Buddhism, Jainism o Jainism - quite extreme when it came to their diet – ahimsa (can’t even something that have root in the ground such as onion, carrot and etc.) o Because of influence, Brahman adapted to vegetarian o Not center in the Ganga valley Sanskrit became the language use by the elite throughout India.
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