4) 5) 6) In a relative short history of the United States, many African Americans have made great contributions in politics, economics, and public service. In a coherent essay, write a short historical profile of two black individuals, analyzing their contributions, and how these contributions impacted on life in America. These figures must be historical figures and their contributions must be national/international in scope. The emergence of Black Nationalism inspired many to take action and lead African Americans to independence. An important African American political elite that inspired many was Marcus Garvey. Marcus Garvey was a black nationalist who was arguably one of the most influential African Americans of all time. Garvey was born in Jamaica and was greatly influenced by the Idea’s of Booker T. Washington. He believed in blacks creating their own nation separate from
whites would be the best approach to attain liberty. This is because separatism would allow Blacks to realize their full potential as human beings culturally socially, politically, and economically. His organization called the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) was one of the largest mass movements in history. Garvey and the UNIA established several hundred branches in thirty-eight states by the early 1920’s. The purpose of this organization was to improve the conditions of Africans not only in the United States but also all over the world. Moreover, Marcus Garvey and his organization form an essential relation in the historical struggle for black Americans trying to attain freedom, justice, and equality. UNIA’s formation encouraged many African Americans to educate themselves so that they could achieve political and economic power. Additionally, Marcus Garvey advocated for the independence of Black Americans from whites. Garvey believes that in order for blacks to declare independence from whites, they must all unite and create their own self-sustained community. Booker T. Washington was another influential figure that inspired many political figures and aspired to positively impact the lives of African Americans and eliminate discrimination. He believed that a solid education was necessary in order to become independent. Washington Told
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- Spring '14
- W. E. B. Du Bois