The Last Ten Years of Elizabeth's reign.docx

Secretary this highlights the importance of having

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secretary (this highlights the importance of having daily access to the queen) - Tensions resurfaced in 1597 when lord Cobham died therefore the offices he held became available - Essex planner another campaign against Spain in 1597 but was unsuccessful and displeased Elizabeth - Charles Lord Howard (another Cecil supporter) was promoted to Earl of Nottingham which angered Essex - Essexs downfall was a result of events in Ireland – revolt broke out in 1595 which increased tensions at court between Elizabeth and Essex - William Cecil died in 1598 and political situations deteriorated further - Essex appointed Lord deputy of Ireland in 1599 and while he was away Robert Cecil ensured that all of the key posts went to him, his friends and his family - Essex’s campaign in Ireland was unsuccessful partly due to his own mistakes and yet partly a lack of support from Elizabeth’s government - Essex returned to England in September 1599 against Elizabeth’s orders - Elizabeth insisted he face a full council meeting and explain his actions. He was put under house arrest by Elizabeth until June 1600 when he was trialled - Charges were largely manufactured by Cecil and originally accused Essex of treason - Found guilty of misconduct of his campaign in Ireland and suspended all his offices The Succession issue and Faction - The decision of the successor lay with the Privy Council - Several possibilities including James VI, Arbella Stuart, Edward Seymour and the Infanta Isabella - James emerged as leading claimant to the throne and was supported by both Essex and the Cecils. Although, the rival factions were both keen to ensure that they remained in power after Elizabeth’s death and both sides tried to gain themselves a position of trust with James while undermining their rivals
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- In 1599-1600, Essex and his friend Lord Mountjoy were both in secret correspondence with James. Mountjoy had replaced Essex as Lord Lieutenant in Ireland and wrote to James in 1599 suggesting that he should raise troops in Scotland and demand that Elizabeth hame him heir - December 1600, Essex himself wrote to James complaining about ‘this reigning faction’ (the Cecils) and accused them of supporting the Infanta instead of James - James replied cautiously and sent two ambassadors to speak with Essex but on arrival in London they found that Essex had been executed so James began negotiations with Cecil instead - Despite Essex’s claims, Cecil also supported James’ succession. Between 16000-03 he too was in secret correspondence with James. Cecil could not openly support James without risking the queen’s anger - Although Essex was dead, there were other potential rivals at court such as the queen’s favourites, Walter Raleigh and Henry Brooke (Lord Cobham) -
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