Runway markings and lightings the centre line is

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Runway Markings and Lightings The centre line is shown with white broken lines. The runway markings are shown in Figure 1.5. (c) UPES, Not for Reproduction/ Sale
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UNIT 1: Airport Surface Operations Notes ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ Illustration A Illustration B 35 m Runway Centre line Taxiway Centre line CLOSED RUNWAY MARKING CLOSED TAXIWAY MARKING 14.5 m 3 6 .5 m 1.8 m 1.5 m 9 m Source: Figure 1.5: Runway Markings Taxiway A taxiway is a path on an airport connecting runways with ramps, hangars, terminals and other facilities. They mostly have hard surface such as asphalt or concrete, although smaller airports sometimes use gravel or grass. At most airports, taxiways are designated by letters such as Taxiway 'A', Taxiway 'C', Taxiway ' B-4', etc. Busy airports typically construct high-speed or rapid-exit taxiways in order to allow aircraft to leave the runway at higher speeds. This allows the aircraft to vacate the runway quicker, permitting another to land in a shorter space of time. Taxiway markings are shown by yellow continuous lines. 1. Double yellow lines mark the boundary between areas under jurisdiction of ATC and the parking areas. (c) UPES, Not for Reproduction/ Sale
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Notes ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ ___________________ Aviation Safety & Security Management 2. A single solid yellow line marks the taxiway centre line. 3. Two parallel dashed yellow lines followed by two parallel solid yellow lines indicate a hold line. A hold line marks the intersection of a taxiway and a runway. Taxi-holding position lines are marked across the width of a taxiway. These markings should not be crossed to enter into the runway until a clearance is received from the tower. Rotating Beacons Pilots identify airports at night by looking for rotating beacons. Civil airport beacons flash alternating white and green lights. Military airports flash two white lights followed by a green light. Seaplane landing areas and lighted heliports use different sequences. If the rotating beacon is turned on during the day, it usually indicates that IFR conditions prevail, but this isn't always the case. Apron The airport apron is a defined area, on a land aerodrome, intended to accommodate aircraft for purposes of loading or unloading and boarding of passengers, mail or cargo, fuelling, parking or maintenance. The use of the apron may be controlled by the apron control service. The apron is designated by the ICAO as not being part of the manoeuvring area, but a part of the movement area. All vehicles, aircraft and people using the apron are referred to as apron traffic. In fact, the pre-flight activities are done in Ramps; and areas for parking & maintenance are called aprons. However, normally the words "Apron" and "Ramp" are used interchangeably. Passenger gates are the main feature of a terminal ramp. 'Aircraft stand' is a designated area on an apron intended to be used for parking an aircraft. It is also known as "Parking Bay" or "Gate". Aircraft stands are named as "Stand Nos" 1, 2, 3, ...,31,..,45 etc.
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  • Fall '19
  • Instrument approach, Runway, Rajiv, Aviation Safety & Security Management

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