Study Guide abnormal Exam 3 review

Education about sexuality and the human sexual

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Education about sexuality and the human sexual response is one of the main goals of psychological treatment Strategies to counter negative thoughts, beliefs, or attitudes that may interfere with sexual functioning Sensate focus exercises (Desire, Arousal, Orgasm disorders) Behavioral technique assigned as homework in sex therapy Individual or couple seek to increase awareness of pleasurable sensations that do not involve genital touching, intercourse, or orgasm Sex therapy may also include teaching couples communication, intimacy, and relationship skills Start/Stop technique (premature ejaculation) Chapter 12 (part—the rest of the study guide will go up Monday after lecture. About 13-15 questions total) Know what is meant by the term “psychosis”. - abnormal condition of the mind Be able to distinguish hallucinations and delusions. - Hallucinations o Vivid sensations that seem real, but are not o Occur in all senses – auditory are most common - Delusions o Persistent false beliefs, held despite evidence to the contrary o Focus on a particular theme o Persecutory delusions – persecution by others o Delusions of control –being controlled by others, who put thoughts into one’s head ( thought insertion ) o Delusions of grandeur - belief that one is more powerful, knowledgeable, or capable than is actually the case o Delusions of reference - belief that external events have special meaning for the individual Know disorganized speech and disorganized behaviors.
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- Disorganized behavior o Unfocused, disconnected from a goal, cannot accomplish tasks o Inappropriate in the situation - Disorganized speech - Word salad o “lettuce is a transformation of a dead cougar that suffered a relapse on the lion’s toe. And he swallowed the lion and something happened… Gloria and Tommy, they’re two heads and they’re not whales. But they escaped with herds of vomit, and things like that”. o “I didn’t have any legs to begin with. So I would imagine that if I was a fast runner, I’d be scared to be a wife because I had a splinter inside of my head of lettuce”. - Neologisms o Words that the patient makes up o I.e. “easterhorned head” or “wish-bell.” - Be able to distinguish Positive and Negative symptoms, and examples of each. Why are they referred to as “positive” or “negative” symptoms? - Positive: Disorganized behavior o Unfocused, disconnected from a goal, cannot accomplish tasks o Inappropriate in the situation - Negative symptoms o Absence or “subtraction” of normal processes - Anhedonia o Reduced ability to experience pleasure - Affective blunting o Narrowed range of emotional expression o Experience emotion, but not apparent from casual observation - Alogia o Speaking less than most people, responding minimally o Poverty of speech - Avolition o Difficulty in initiating or following through with activities What are the subtypes of schizophrenia?
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