must answer all of the sub-questions below using complete sentences. Each sub-question may be answered in 1-6 sentences. a) How does this acid base imbalance cause the potassium imbalance noted in this patient’s labs? The body’s buffering system tried to compensate for the excess acid and tries to maintain a homeostatic arterial pH. The way the body does this is by moving hydrogen ions into the intracellular space and moving potassium into the extracellular space (Huether, 2019).
3 MODULE 2 CASE STUDY b) How does the body compensate for the acid base disorder which this patient is experiencing? The body is compensating by increasing respiratory rate. This acid base disorder triggers the respiratory response by increasing the rate and depth of respirations in turn decreasing PaCO2 and decreasing acidity (Huether, 2019). c) How does the anion gap help you to differentiate between the causes of this acid base disorder? A normal anion gap with a patient in metabolic acidosis indicates loss of bicarb and retention of chloride. Like in this patient, renal failure or prolonged diarrhea causes hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis which results from bicarb loss (Huether, 2019).