Working memory limited magic last 7 20 seconds long term memory unlimited

Working memory limited magic last 7 20 seconds long

This preview shows page 3 - 5 out of 5 pages.

Working memory: limited magic, last 7-20 seconds long-term memory : unlimited Serial effects Primary effects: remember when you hear it first Recency effects: remember when you hear it last Memory over the lifespan Infantile amnesia Peak Post-peak correlates Theories of forgetting Decay: when you encode somethings, it’s very clear but fading as time past Interference Proactive: interference that moving forward Retroactive: when new information interference old information Repression Three causes of false memory Schemas Repeated assertions Heavy marijuana use Loftus eye-witness study Psychology’s contribution to criminal line-ups State dependency Mood Level of consciousness Context Memory tricks Mneumonic device Chunking Spacing Most effective memory strategy Testing Feedback Seven memory problems (absent mindedness, transience, blocking, misattribution, suggestibility, bias, persistence) Episodic vs semantic memory Proactive vs retroactive interference Flashbulb memories : huge impact (significant/ emotional events) Tip-of-the-tongue phenomenon Memory disorders Organic: external physical causes Dissociative: amnesias & fugues, dementias Memory pills Limited to age, related memory/loss Only helps some effects
Image of page 3
Thought & Problem Solving Bias blind spot Confirmation bias Hindsight bias Three types of problems & examples Structure problems: one in which you must discover the relation Ex: serius question (2,4,6,8,10) ; anology question Arrangement problems: one in which you must arrange part of the problem Ex: anagram (LFY ---> FLY), String problem Transformation problems: one in which you need to carry out a sequence of transformation Water jar problem What screws us up in general (4)? Irrelevant information Functional fixedness Mental Set Unnecessary constraints.
Image of page 4
Image of page 5

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 5 pages?

  • Spring '08
  • blan
  • Operant Conditioning, eye movement sleep, observational learning, Bobo doll study

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture