Any 5 points 2 mks 10 mks 23 a What role does the Queen of England play in

Any 5 points 2 mks 10 mks 23 a what role does the

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(Any 5 points 2 mks) ( 10 mks) 23. (a) What role does the Queen of England play in relation to the British Government (i) At the end of elections. The monarch invites the leader of party with the majority votes in the House of commons to form the Government/ invites the prime minister to form the government (ii) The Monarch formality opens parliament at the beginning of a new sessic (iii) The monarch is the legal head of the state and the symbol of national (iv) Before a bill becomes law the monarch gives the Royal assent (v) The monarch has the powers to officially to dissolve the parliament at the end of its tenure of office. (b) Describe the functions of the British parliament (i) The British parliament discusses and makes laws it also amends laws when need arises (ii) Parliament controls Government expenditure the approval of parliament is mandatory for all Government expenditure (iii) Parliament approves the government budget and ways of raising money (iv) It directs the government/ foreign policy and keeps development programmes on track (v) It checks the powers of the executive to ensure that the rule of law is maintained/ can pass a vote of no confidence. (vi) House of lords sits as the final court of appeal mostly in simple cases (vii) Discusses/ debates issues of national interest (Any 5 points 1 mk x 1 mk = ( 5 mks)
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K.C.S.E HISTORY & GOVERNMENT PAPER 1 2000 1. Ways in which the Akamba interacted with the Agikuyu in the pre- colonial period (i) Trading activities (ii) Intermarriages (2 mks) 2. Economic reasons why the cushites migrated from their original homeland Kenya (i) They were running away due to cattle disease which were interfering with their cattle keeping economic activity (ii) They were running away to look for better farming lands as there was drought in the area of origin. ( 2 mks) 3. Why the Mijikenda lived in the Kaya To enhance their security as they could not easily be attacked when they were living together in the settlement. 4. Factors which enabled traders from Arabia to come to Kenyan coast (i) The Indian ocean provided the highway through which the traders traveled (ii) The traders had the skills of harnessing the monsoon winds ( Trade winds) They knew what times of the year to come to the Kenyan coast and what times to go back (iii) The traders had marine technology e.g. had ship building technology and knew how to use the compass for the navigation of the ocean. 5. Early urban centers along the Kenyan coast were built on islands For security reasons as they could easily see the enemies as they approached by sea ( 1 mk) 6. The Portuguese were able to conquer the coastal settlement by 1500 because (i) They had strong ships called carracks which they used to attack the Arabs who used dhows (ii) The people along the coast were disunited e.g. Malindi and Mombasa were arch- enemies (iii) The Portuguese got reinforcements from Goa their base in India and also from Portugal (iv) The Portuguese were well trained and better organized ( 2 mk) 7. Ways which Christianity undermined African culture in Kenya (i) For it preached against African customs e.g. polygamy and female circumcision
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