Twoway rel 17 63 do not know 5 41 2 74 scaling causes

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Two‑way relationship 68 (55.3) 17 (6.3) Do not know 5 (4.1) 2 (7.4) Scaling causes loss of enamel Agree 61 (49.6) 18 (36.7) 0.327 Do not know 18 (14.6) 3 (11.1) Disagree 44 (35.8) 6 (22.2) Primary etiology for periodontal disease Plaque 44 (35.8) 3 (11.1) 0.003 Food debris 59 (48) 18 (66.7) Nutrition 5 (4.1) 5 (18.5) Do not know 15 (12.1) 1 (3.7) Chi‑square test ( P ≤0.05) Table 5: Correlation between mean periodontal knowledge score and sociodemographic variables Variable Pearson’s correlation coefficient P Age −0.34 0.07 Time spent in medical field −0.53 0.034 Income 0.012 0.13 Pearson’s correlation test. ( P ≤0.05 considered significant) Table 4: Differences in mean periodontal knowledge scores based on previous dental visit and qualification of care provider n (%) Mean periodontal knowledge score SE mean P Previous dental visit Yes 123 (82) 5.26±1.603 0.145 0.991 No 27 (18) 5.26±1.537 0.295 General dental practitioner 27 (22) 4.93±1.238 0.238 0.024 * Specialist 96 (78) 5.35±1.686 0.172 Independent samples t ‑test; ( P ≤0.05). SE – Standard error [Downloaded free from on Friday, September 15, 2017, IP: 36.79.172.174]
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Dhulipalla, et al .: Periodontal disease awareness 6 Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology periodontal health were known to 60% of the participants in the current study which is less than that observed in a study among medical professionals in Karnataka. [15] 54.7% of the study participants were aware of the use of light amplification by stimulated emission of radiations in treatment of periodontal disease, which is similar to that found in the study by Pralhad and Thomas. [15] Forty‑six percent of the study participants admitted that they rarely or never screen their patients for periodontal disease. The mean periodontal knowledge score of the participants was 5.26 ± 1.586, suggesting that medical professionals on an average were aware of slightly higher than 50% of the questions posed. Limitations The study was conducted in one area only, so that the results cannot be applied over national level, and the questionnaire used in the study contains close‑ended questions so the assessment of knowledge might get affected. Furthermore, the descriptive nature of this study does not allow drawing of causal inferences. Although it was observed in the study that medical professionals who have had a previous dental visit at a specialty practitioner showed better periodontal knowledge levels, the confounding effect of other variables such as age of the practitioners, accessibility to dental services cannot be ignored in understanding this finding. The association between dental visit at a specialty practitioner and periodontal knowledge was not acclaimed to be causal. Recommendations It is recommended that continuing medical education programs should be conducted for medical professionals in an attempt to update their knowledge about the periodontal and systemic disease correlation and other aspects relating to treatment modalities in oral health care. It is also important to identify that a proactive approach at the national level must be adopted to increase among the medical professionals, the knowledge about oral health and its importance. Surveys like
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