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A o ’s position could have been better b o ’s

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Unformatted text preview: a) O ’s position could have been better b) O ’s position was not good Passage 10 Soldiers are usually pretty decent people. Your cousin should be as well. 1. The ________ scheme is present in the passage. a) pro homine reasoning b) ad populum c) appeal to authority d) ad hominem reasoning e) argument against authority f) appeal to eyewitness testimony g) guilt (honour) by association 2. Considering the scheme involved and the premises it requires, the weakest point in the argument is ________. a) the premise that a person or group, X , is associated with another person or group Y b) the premise that Y has creditable beliefs or behaves in a creditable way 3. Considering the weakest point in the argument, the most effective way to argue against it would be argue that ________. a) Y does not have creditable beliefs or behaves in a way that is not creditable b) Y has questionable beliefs or behaves in a questionable way c) Y has questionable beliefs or behaves in a questionable way Good Reasoning Matters! A Constructive Approach to Critical Thinking , Fifth Edition © Oxford University Press Canada, 2012 Carefully read the following passage. It includes five of the six schemes discussed in this chapter. Determine where and how each is employed, then answer the following questions. It is strongly recommended that you at least dress the argument. You may also want to draw an argument diagram. Passage 11 William Shakespeare was unquestionably a genius. His plays were brilliant insights into the human character. For example, Macbeth tells us about the dangers of the cold-blooded pursuit of power. One of his most popular plays, Romeo and Juliet , warns us of the dangers of obsessive love. However, judgements of human character can be subjective and variable. So it doesn’t seem like we can just accept Shakespeare’s word for what people are like. Psychology is a better field to turn to for understanding of human character than the theatre. The famed psychologist B. F. Skinner, for example, revolutionized the field by arguing that there is no such thing as a stable human character. The movement Skinner inspired and led—behaviourism—swept through the academic world, and was considered ground-breaking. This further supports the idea that Skinner is someone worth believing—unlike William Shakespeare. 1. The conclusion of the pro homine argument is that ________. a) Shakespeare’s claims about the dangers of the cold-blooded pursuit of power and obsessive love should be accepted b) Shakespeare’s claims about the dangers of obsessive love should be accepted c) it should be accepted that there is no such thing as a stable human character d) Shakespeare’s claims about human character should not be accepted e) B. F. Skinner’s claims about human character are creditable 2. Considering the pro homine scheme and the premises it requires, the weakest point in the argument is ________....
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