William 2001 observed that the family is a key

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Biology
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Chapter 37 / Exercise 3
Biology
Martin/Solomon
Expert Verified
William (2001) observed that the family is a key mechanism ofsocialization in all human culture. The family is the first prolonged andinitiative interactive system an individual encounters. It is a primarygroup typically with personal loyalty, affection and close relations amongall members. It is often described as the most important of the groups thathuman experiences offer.Dorthman (2000) studied parental aspiration and the educationalachievement of children. He found that parental aspirations for thechildren’s achievement are related to the both social class and schoolattainment. He explained that this finding emphasized certain aspect ofsocio-economic background of parents which determines to a large extentthe degree of which they value education. Such value in turn influencesthe level of school achievement and career choice of their children.Dosunmu (2007) held the view that the level and quality ofparental education available to him influence a child’s educationalaspiration and performance. Bello (2004) opined that there is a significantdifference in the academic performance of pupils from educated parentsand illiterate parents
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Biology
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Chapter 37 / Exercise 3
Biology
Martin/Solomon
Expert Verified
Achievement in schools is an aspect of education that cannot belooked at in isolated but as a function of a series of factors havingprofound influence intelligence, motivation interest, learning-aspiration,home background and personally (Ipaye 2002).Sorense (2006) in his book a psychology of education says that,progress in schools is facilitated more for upper class children because ofgenerally higher mental capacities and the support given by the home. Aperson ability to adjust to the ethic environment and to build a stableopinion about educational values help him to develop organize and orientfactors so mentioned towards positive and progressive directionthroughout his/her academic career (Yusuf, 2002).Evans (1999) pointed out that self-concept was linked with severalother factors including parental behaviour, parental occupation and schoolassociated with self-esteem among children, acceptance and managementstyle. Acceptance indicated by parental expression of affection andconfidence in the child while management style involves day to daychores.Kerkaff (2009) believed that the lower class children are less likelyto have received previous association in learning the formal materialtaught by the school and that they are also less likely to know how to reador use numbers when they enter school and this will let them behind intheir school work. These type of children will thus feel sense of failure bythe school standard.Parent involvement in a child’s early education is consistentlyfound to be positively associated with a child’s academic performance(Hara & Burce, 1998).
Especially, children whose parents are more involved in theireducation have higher level of academic performance them childrenwhose parents are involved to a lesser degree. The influence of parentsare involvement on academic success has not only been noted among

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