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Dif cognitive level application ref page 724 health

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DIF: Cognitive Level: Application REF: Page 724, Health Promotion boxOBJ: 4 TOP: Prevention of Tick BitesKEY: Nursing Process Step: EvaluationMSC: NCLEX: Safe, Effective Care Environment: Safety and Infection Control17. An adolescent is taking tetracycline for a sexually transmitted disease. What would the nursestress when providing instruction about this medication?a. Finish all of the medication.b. Get plenty of fresh air and sunlight.c. Take the medication with food.d. Take an antacid if the medication causes an upset stomach.ANS: AThe nurse would teach the adolescent to take all of the prescribed medication to avoid makingthe microorganism resistant to tetracyclines.DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: Page 740, Table 32-3OBJ: 9 TOP: Sexually Transmitted DiseasesKEY: Nursing Process Step: ImplementationMSC: NCLEX: Physiological Integrity: Pharmacological Therapies18. The nurse explains to the parents that their child is in the prodromal stage of varicella. Whatdoes this mean?a. The child is now immune to varicella.b. The child has varicella but has not yet broken out.c. The child is infected with varicella but is not contagious.d. The child does not have varicella but has been exposed to it.ANS: BThe prodromal stage is the initial stage of the communicable disease in which the child is
infected and contagious but does not yet have outward signs of the disease.DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: Page 725 OBJ: 1TOP: Prodromal Period KEY: Nursing Process Step: ImplementationMSC: NCLEX: Safe, Effective Care Environment: Safety and Infection Control19. Which is an example of an opportunistic infection?a. Measlesb. Pneumocystis jirovecic. Clostridium difficiled. SmallpoxANS: BPneumocystis jiroveci is the most common of opportunistic diseases.DIF: Cognitive Level: Knowledge REF: Page 741 OBJ: 1TOP: Opportunistic Diseases KEY: Nursing Process Step: ImplementationMSC: NCLEX: Safe, Effective Care Environment: Safety and Infection Control20. A child is admitted to the pediatric unit with a diagnosis of cellulitis on the right upper thigh.Patient history reveals the child had a 2-cm laceration on the right thigh prior to infection. Whenexplaining the chain of infection, how does the nurse identify this laceration?a. Reservoirb. Portal of entryc. Portal of exitd. CectorANS: BThe chain of infection refers to the way in which organisms spread and infect the individual. Aportal of entry is a route by which the organisms enter the body (e.g., a cut in the skin). A portalof exit is the route by which the organisms exit the body (e.g., feces or urine). A reservoir forinfection is a place that supports the growth of organisms (e.g., standing, stagnant water). Avector is an insect or animal that carries and spreads a disease.DIF: Cognitive Level: Comprehension REF: Page 725 OBJ: 1TOP: Chain of Infection KEY: Nursing Process Step: Data CollectionMSC: NCLEX: Safe, Effective Care Environment: Safety and Infection ControlMULTIPLE RESPONSE

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