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2 tall children can generally reach high shelves

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2.Tall children can generally reach high shelves easily. Short children can generallyreach high shelves only with difficulty. It is known that short children are morelikely than are tall children to become short adults. Therefore, if short children aretaught to reach high shelves easily, the proportion of them who become shortadults will decrease.A reasoning error in the argument is that the argument(A) attributes a characteristic of an individual member of a group to the group asa whole
404LSAT(B) presupposes that which is to be proved(C) refutes a generalization by mean of an exceptional case(D) assumes a causal relationship where only a correlation has been indicated(E) take lack of evidence for the existence of a state of affairs as evidence thatthere can be no such state of affairs3.Balance is particularly important when reporting the background of civil wars andconflicts. Facts must not be deliberately manipulated to show one party in afavorable light, and the views of each side should be fairly represented. Thisconcept of balance, however, does not justify concealing or glossing over basicinjustices in an effort to be even-handed. If all the media were to adopt such aperverse interpretation of balanced reporting, the public would be given a pictureof a world where each party in every conflict had an equal measure of justice onits side, contrary to our experience of life and, indeed, our common sense.Which one of the following best expresses the main point of the argument?(A) Balanced reporting presents the public with a picture of the world in which allsides to a conflict have equal justification.(B) Balanced reporting requires impartially revealing injustices where they occurno less than fairly presenting the views of each party in a conflict.(C) Our experience of life shows that there are indeed cases in which conflictsarise because of an injustice, with one party clearly in the wrong.(D) Common sense tells us that balance is especially needed when reporting thebackground of civil wars and conflicts.(E) Balanced reporting is an ideal that cannot be realized, because judgments ofbalance are necessarily subjective.4.Data from satellite photographs of the tropical rain forest in Melonia show thatlast year the deforestation rate of this environmentally sensitive zone wassignificantly lower than in previous years. The Melonian government, whichspent millions of dollars last year to enforce laws against burning and cutting ofthe forest, is claiming that the satellite data indicate that its increased efforts tohalt the destruction are proving effective.Which one of the following, if true, most seriously undermines the government’sclaim?(A) Landowner opposition to the government’s antideforestation efforts grewmore violent last year in response to the increased enforcement.

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