GVPT355 final study guide 5

S aids ethiopia and this escalates the conflict today

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involved (Soviets aid Somalia and U.S aids Ethiopia) and this escalates the conflict, today there is still no peaceful settlements over the territory Theories: Armament-Tension Spiral Model States build militaries to protect themselves from one another, the involvement of the Cold War superpowers leads to rapid acquisition of arms, resulting in growing hostilities and ultimately conflict Security Dilemma Steps Ethiopia took to feel more secure once Somalia announced their desire to expand led Somalia to feel less secure and so they began to build up their capabilities as well Chad/Libya (1987) Ecuador/Perú (1995) Conflict: Border dispute between Ecuador and Peru going on since 1941 when US Air Force failed to clearly mark the Peruvian/Ecuadorian border; breaks out into full war when Ecuador builds military outposts in Peruvian territory (they believe it’s there), Peru and Ecuador both abandon outposts but then deploy thousands of troops--each--in
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Cenepa Valley, the disputed border area. Conflict lasts about a month, during which hundreds of people die/are injured on both sides, before guarantor states call for ceasefire and negotiations. Border fully marked and conflict ends by 1999. Actors: Ecuador vs. Peru; Guarantor States (Minor Role): United States, Chile, Brazil, Argentina Theories: Power-Transition Theory Ecuador dissatisfied with Peruvian power and controlling territory they think is theirs Security Dilemma Credible Commitment: Ecuador reneged on the Rio Protocol in 1960 ruling that it was VOID as Peruvian troops were on Ecuadorian soil thereby “forcing” them to sign it.
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  • Spring '13
  • Cunningham
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina, Minority group, Basque Country, ethnic exclusion

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