Caused by f ungus found in soil in the eastern and

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Caused by f ungus found in soil in the eastern and central US. Infection occurs by inhalation of spores. Once inhaled, fungus grows and may disseminate through blood to other organs. Incubation period 30 to 100 days, although infection can be asymptomatic. Pulmonary Blastidiomycosis Resolves on its own in most people. In immune compromised can cause respiratory failure. Disseminated Blastidiomycosis If disseminates from lungs, can result in wart-like or recessed skin lesions (cutaneous blastidiomycosis) or damage to bones (osteoarticular blastidiomycosis). AIDS patients are prone to develop meningitis from infection. Images: Public Health Image Library ( PHIL ) #3768, #492 & #5801 From the Virtual Microbiology Classroom on ScienceProfOnline.com
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Opportunistic Fungal Pathogen Species: _________ __________ Can cause disease ________________ . Has become leading infectious cause of death in leukemia and bone marrow transplant patients. Can result in: - allergic reaction - pulmonary mass - systemic infection - can also exacerbate asthma Researchers dissected pillows (both feather and synthetic) and identified several thousand spores of fungus per gram of used pillow - more than a million spores per pillow . Five things increase a persons risk of experiencing opportunistic mycoses: Invasive medical procedures Medical therapies that weaken the immune system Certain preexisting conditions / Immune compromised Specific lifestyle factors Images: Bed with pillows , Liz Lawley; Aspergillus fumigatus , PHIL #300; A. fumigatus, Janice Carr, PHIL # 9998 From the Virtual Microbiology Classroom on ScienceProfOnline.com
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3. __________ Helminths are ________ ________ that live inside their host. Examples: hook, whip, pin, heart and round worms Belong to the Kingdom Animalia. Live in and feed off living hosts. Receive nourishment and protection while disrupting their hosts' nutrient absorption, causing weakness and disease. Many types of helminths live in the digestive tract of their host. These are referred to as intestinal parasites . Images: Heartworm in preserved heart of German Shepherd; Hookworms, PHIL #5705 . From the Virtual Microbiology Classroom on ScienceProfOnline.com
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You are my host ! I am burrowing up through your feet, to your throat, where you’ll swallow me. I live and grow, with my teeth hooked into the lining of your intestine! Ancylostoma duodenale From the Virtual Microbiology Classroom on ScienceProfOnline.com
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Parasitic nematode worm (helminth) that lives in small intestine of host. Helminths belong to Kingdom Animalia. Two species commonly infect humans: Ancylostoma duodenale and Necator americanus . Infect > 600 million worldwide. Eggs in fecally-contaminated soil mature into larvae. Larvae penetrate skin of foot (sometimes causing “ground itch”), ride the lymph system to the right side of heart, and pumped into lungs, are coughed up , and are then swallowed.
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