However after a lot of diplomacy and the fact that the French army was sent to

However after a lot of diplomacy and the fact that

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However, after a lot of diplomacy and the fact that the French army was sent to put down a slave rebellion in the sugar-rich colony of Saint-Domingue (modern Haiti) and that war with Britain was almost certain, Napoleon, on the advice of his advisors, backed down and agreed to sell Louisiana.How much was the land purchased for? How much land was it?Seizing upon Napoleon’s difficulties as an opportunity, President Jefferson and Secretary of State, James Madison, entered into negotia-tions. On April 30, an agreement was reached to purchase the land of the Louisiana terri-tory, including New Orleans, for $15 million, or about 3 cents per acre. The acquisition of approximately 827,000 square miles would double the size of the United States.What was the Lewis and Clark Expedition?On January 18, 1803, President Jefferson sent a confidential letter to Congress asking for $2,500 to fund an expedition to the Pacific Ocean. He hoped to establish trade with the Native Americans as well as find a water route to the Pacific. Jefferson was also fascinated by the prospect of what could be learned about the geography of the West, the plants and animals, the soil, weather, and rocks, and how they differed from those in the East. Meriwether Lewis and William Clark were officers in the U.S. Army and experienced frontiersmen. They were appointed to explore the lands that encompassed the Louisiana Purchase.What led up to the Louisiana Purchase?At the end of the French and Indian War in 1763, the country of France gave up its lands in North America. New Orleans and the part of Louisiana which was west of the Mississippi River had been given to Spain in 1762. The remaining French territories east of the Mississippi and in Canada were given to Britain the next year. Spain had given the United States shipping rights to the Missis-sippi River and the port at New Orleans; this
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7CYCLE3History Highlightsweek 7The War of 1812 gave confidence to the U.S. to write the Monroe Doctrine, warning Europeans not to attempt to colonize the Americas.official term for what Britain did was impress-ment. They would capture sailors and make them serve on British ships.What were the key battles?The United States went to war against a nation that had the greatest navy in the world: Great Britain. The British also had land superi-ority as well because they could count on about 8,000 Anglo-Canadian and Indian allies to add to their strength. America tried to invade Canada but lost major engagements. The United States fared a little better on the seas and somehow won about 80 percent of their initial sea battles, but after the British defeated Napoleon in 1813, Britain could more fully turn their attention to their North American problem. Using battle-hardened soldiers from their European war, the British launched a three-sided attack on American soil. Their plan was to split America into thirds by attacking the Chesapeake Bay area, which included Washington, D.C.; Lake Champlain in the north; and New Orleans in the south. At first their plan worked. On August 24, 1814, 7,000
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