ACIHMidtermessay revised

Unlike tocqueville who believes that unchecked

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the great equalizer, and prevent this new government from descending into monarchical tyranny. Unlike Tocqueville who believes that unchecked democracy leads to a tyrannical majority, the federalists argued that the incredible divergence of opinion in America will check the advance of any majority. Madison puts it like this in Federalists No. 51 , “...In the federal republic of the United States. Whilst all authority in it will be derived from, and dependent on the society, the society itself will be broken into so many parts, interests, and classes of citizens, that the rights of individuals, or of the minority, will be in little danger from interested combinations of the majority” (270). Basically Madison believes that the way to check Democracy is with
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more Democracy. The further Democracy spreads in the republic, and the larger the republic the greater the divergence of opinions and the harder it becomes for any one majority to take root. The federalists are not idealists however, and they do betray some notions that appear sympathetic to Tocqueville's position. As Hamilton says in Federalists No 1, “ It will be equally forgotten, that the vigor of government is essential to the security of liberty; that, in the contemplation of a sound and well informed judgment, their interests can never be separated; and that a dangerous ambition more often lurks behind the specious mask of zeal for the rights” (3). The Federalists are well aware that a powerful government is still required in order to assure a harmonious society. Democracy is a wonderful thing but there must also be law, order, and a functioning state. However, unlike Tocqueville the Federalists have faith that rather than destroy government democracy can be made to strengthen it.
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