ZHoward_MOD 8_111918.docx

Response to an unknown pathogen in contrast with

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response to an unknown pathogen, in contrast with passive immunity that involves
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antibodies that are found from outside the body. Active immunity takes longer than passive. 5. Discuss the five (5) different classes of vaccines used in active immunity. i. Toxoid Vaccines, used with bacterial to toxin illnesses. ii. Subunit Vaccines, these include only specific antigens. iii. Live Vaccines, these expose patients to a live disease, just in a weakened form. iv. Inactivated Vaccines, this means that while manufacturing the dose, the disease was killed. v. Conjugated Vaccines, these are target harmful antigens. 6. Define and differentiate between hypersensitivity reactions and autoimmune disease. Gives an example of hypersensitivity reaction and an example of an autoimmune disease: The definition of autoimmune disease is basically the response of the adaptive immune system to self-antigens that happens when mechanisms of self- tolerance have failed. Whereas Hypersensitivity is an pathologic immune reaction that is started by an immune response to over exposure to an antigen. An example of each would be; auto immune an example is hemolytic anemia, whereas an example of hypersensitivity is ABO blood incompatibility.
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  • Winter '19
  • autoimmune disease, Van Meter

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