Communicating the information and 4 the plaintiff

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communicating the information; and (4) the plaintiff suffered pecuniary loss by justifiably relying on the representation. Torts > Business Torts > Fraud & Misrepresentation > General Overview HN50 [ ] Business Torts, Fraud & Misrepresentation To recover for fraud, a plaintiff must prove that (1) a material representation was made; (2) it was false when made; (3) the speaker knew it to be false, or made it recklessly without knowledge of its truth and as a positive assertion; (4) the speaker made it with the intent that it should be acted upon; and (5) the party acted in reliance and suffered injury as a result. Counsel: For GERARDO CASTILLO, MICHELLE GALVAN, ELOY CANTU, HUGO HERNANDEZ, ESPERANZA HERNANDEZ, MARTIN HERNANDEZ, SERGIO HERNANDEZ, JESUS MEJIA, JOSEPH COOPER, GUADALUPE ZAMORANO, JOSE GUADALUPE ESTRADA, RAFAEL GONZALEZ, RAUL ZAVALA, RICARDO ZAMORANO, EFRAIN LEAL, GUSTAVO CABALLERO, EDGAR A. CHAVEZ, AMERICO GALVAN, CARLOS A. GONZALEZ, JUAN PUENTE, TOMAS SOLIS, JUAN CARLOS VERASTEGUI, plaintiffs: Javier Riojas, Texas Rural Legal Aid, Eagle Pass, TX. For GERARDO CASTILLO, MICHELLE GALVAN, ELOY CANTU, HUGO HERNANDEZ, ESPERANZA HERNANDEZ, MARTIN HERNANDEZ, SERGIO HERNANDEZ, JESUS MEJIA, JOSEPH COOPER, GUADALUPE ZAMORANO, JOSE GUADALUPE ESTRADA, RAFAEL GONZALEZ, RAUL ZAVALA, RICARDO ZAMORANO, EFRAIN LEAL, GUSTAVO CABALLERO, EDGAR A. CHAVEZ, AMERICO GALVAN, CARLOS A. GONZALEZ, JUAN PUENTE, TOMAS SOLIS, JUAN CARLOS VERASTEGUI, YOLANDA LEURA, PLAINTIFFS, plaintiffs: Rodolfo D. Sanchez, Texas Rural Legal Aid, Inc., Weslaco, TX. For PLAINTIFFS, plaintiff: Selena N. Solis, Texas Rural Legal Aid, Weslaco, TX. For PLAINTIFFS, plaintiff: Lisa J. D'Souza, Department of Justice, Washington, DC. For EDNA CHONG, plaintiff: Richard O. Gonzales, Attorney [**2] at Law, Uvalde, TX. For EDNA CHONG, plaintiff: Rodolfo D. Sanchez, Texas Rural Legal Aid, Inc., Weslaco, TX. For CASE FARMS OF OHIO, INC., defendant: Robert D. Kilgore, Cox & Smith Incorporated, San Antonio, TX. For CASE FARMS OF OHIO, INC., defendant: Dean E. Westman, Millisor & Nobil, Jeffrey J. Weber, Millisor & Nobil Co., L.P.A, Jill C. Boland, MILLISOR & NOBIL CO., L.P.A., Cleveland, OH. Judges: William Wayne Justice, Senior United States District Judge. Opinion by: William Wayne Justice Opinion [*583] MEMORANDUM OPINION The above-entitled and numbered civil action was filed on December 19, 1997, by a group of migrant farm 96 F. Supp. 2d 578, *578; 1999 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 21948, **1
Page 9 of 59 workers, claiming violations of the Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act ("AWPA"), the Fair Labor Standards Act ("FLSA"), and various state laws. The primary defendant is Case Farms of Ohio, a chicken processing plant located in Winesburg, Ohio. A bench trial in this civil action commenced on March 29, 1999, 1 and was completed on April 1, 1999. In accordance with Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 52(a) , [*584] the following memorandum opinion constitutes the court's findings of fact and conclusions of law in this civil action.

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