Contrasting regional religious patterns puritan

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Contrasting Regional Religious PatternsPuritan congregations became key institutions in colonial New England Separatists Separatists who thought the Church of England to grow up to be salvaged became the first to move to New England 1609 - a separatist congregation relocated to Leiden in the Netherlands Pilgrims received permission from the Virginia Company to colonize the northern part of its territory Indian Relations like the Virginians the pilgrims benefited from the political circumstances of nearby Indians the Pokanokets controlled the area in which the pilgrims settled Their Villages had suffered terrible losses in the recent epidemic so to protect themselves decided to Ally themselves with newcomers 1621 massasoit ( leader) signed a treaty with the pilgrims and during the colonies first difficult year the polka nuts Supply the English with essential foodstuffs. Massachusetts Bay Company Before the 1620s ended a group of Puritan congressional list launch to Colonial Enterprise that would come to dominate New England and would absorb Plymouth in 1691 call themselves the Massachusetts Bay Company they remain committed to the goal of reforming the Church of England but concluded that they should pursue that name in America Congressional list Merchants decided to transfer the Massachusetts Bay company's headquarters to New England
Governor John Winthrop Recruited John Winthrop who was elected governor of the company who organized the puritan migration to America 1630 1000 English men and women move to Massachusetts which soon became the largest town in English North America Convent Ideal T founders of churches, towns, colonies in Anglo America = often drafted formal document setting principles on which their institutions would be based Leaders of the Massachusetts Bay transformed their original joint stock company charter basis for a covenanted community based on mutual consent They changed the general court into a colonial legislature Male residents of Massachusetts insisted that they're reluctant leaders allow them a greater voice in their government (Like the virginian men who won the reestablished of the House of Burgesses after the king had abolished it) The colony had a functioning system of self-government composed of a governor + 2 house legislature The general reestablished a judicial System modeled on England's New England Towns The colonies method of distributing land : -Massachusetts - groups of men applied together to to the general court for grants of land on which to establish towns -(Unlike Virginia & Maryland = where individual applicants acquired headrights + cited their farm separately) New England settlements initially tended to be more compact than those of just chesapeake Town centers develop quickly + evolves in three distinct ways : -Some isolated agricultural settlements in the interior tried to sustain Winthrop’s vision of harmonious community life -Coastal towns like Boston & Salem became bustling seaports + focal points for

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