Prohibited display of Buddhist flags ordered killing of them and destruction of

Prohibited display of buddhist flags ordered killing

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Prohibited display of Buddhist flags, ordered killing of them and destruction of their temples In protest people burned themselves to death Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN) Southern Vietnamese was ARVN o Intent of U.S was to support this army as they fought against communist aggression o Murdered Diem II. U.S Involvement History of Presidential Involvement Truman president from 1945-1953, directly after WWII o France trying to regain control over Vietnam during this time o U.S sent $1 billion to France to support battle against Ho Chi Minh Lost money and France lost battle Dwight D. Eisenhower served from 1953-1961 o Promised money and military support as well o U.S sent troops to Vietnam to support France o In 1955, France pulled from Vietnam and left U.S to take on the fight Vietnam War began in 1955 during his presidency John F. Kennedy president from 1961-1963 o Understood importance of supporting S. Vietnam but planned to withdraw U.S troops as soon as ARVN could take on battle Plan never came bc he was assassinated Lyndon Baines Johnson president 1963-1969 o President who escalated war and sent thousands American soldiers to fight o 1965, only 50,000 American soldiers fighting
By end of year number raised to 180,000 2 years later number went to 500,000 o Wanted to maintain role as protector of democracy throughout the world Believed in domino theory o Elected bc antiwar stance in 1964 Tonkin Gulf Incident (1964) August 2 nd , 1964 USS Maddox (American Destroyer) on routine patrol in Gulf of Tonkin off coast in N. Vietnam o Chased by 3 N. Vietnamese Navy torpedo boats Sea battle took place, raised American concerns Resolution: LBJ requested military response o Congress gave approval to use broad military powers in Vietnam to prevent further aggression Important Generals and Advisors General William Westmoreland o Commander in S. Vietnam who prompted much of escalation o Continuously pressured Johnson for more troops Robert McNamara o Secretary of Defense during LBJ presidency o Originally in support of war but later turned against it and resigned from his position Henry Kissinger o JBL’s top national security advisor Took rober McNamara’s place as Sec. of Defense once he resigned Dean Rusk o Johnson’s Sec. of State All were Johnson’s brain trust during war who pushed him to escalate war American Fighting Techniques Napalm Gasoline based bomb to set jungle on fire o Viet Cong hid in jungle; hard for troops to fight them o made it easier to locate enemy Agent Orange Used throughout jungle; a leaf-killing toxic chemical Cause lots of health issues to anyone in contact with it o Toxic chemicals caused defects in Viet. Citizens o Many Americans came home with cancer caused by agent Search and Destroy Missions Designed to uproot civilians suspected to ties to Viet Cong o Soldiers ordered to kill livestock and burn villages Module 11; lesson 2: Turmoil Abroad and at Home I. Turmoil Abroad Sinking Morale

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