Document B: British SoldierGeorge Coppard was a British soldier who fought during the entire First World War and was twice wounded. He fought at the Battle of the Somme as a machinegunner and wrote about his experiences in his book, With a Machine Gun to Cambrai. In this excerpt, Coppard recollects his experience on July 2, 1916.The next morning we gunners surveyed the dreadful scene in front of our trench.There was a pair of binoculars in the kit, and, under the brazen light of a hotmid- summer's day, everything revealed itself stark and clear. . . .Immediately in front, and spreading left and right until hidden from view, was clear evidence that the attack had been brutally repulsed. Hundreds of dead, many of the 37th Brigade, were strung out like wreckage washed up to a high- water mark. Quite as many died on the enemy wire as on the ground, like fish caught in the net. They hung there in grotesque postures. Some looked as though they were praying; they had died on their knees and the wire had prevented their fall. From the way the dead were equally spread out, whether onthe wire or lying in front of it, it was clear that there were no gaps in the wire at the time of the attack.Concentrated machine gunfire from sufficient guns to command every inch of the[barbed] ywire, had done its terrible work. The Germans must have been reinforcing the wire for months. It was so dense that daylight could barely be
seen through it. Through the glasses it looked a black mass. The German faith inmassed wire had paid off.How did our planners imagine that Tommies [British soldiers], having survived all other hazards - and there were plenty in crossing No Man's Land - would get through the German [barbed] wire? Had they studied the black density of it through their powerful binoculars? Who told them that artillery fire would pound such [barbed] wire to pieces, making it possible to get through? Any Tommy could have told them that shell fire lifts [barbed] wire up and drops it down, often in a worse tangle than before.Source: George Coppard, With a Machine Gun to Cambrai, 1969.1.Did the author witness the events he describes?Yes, he was a soldier that fought during this battle.2.Who won the first day of the battle? How?The soldier’s army won. They bombard and shooted their way through, the soldier says that there was one key point in all of this and it was that the concentrated machine gunfirefrom enough guns made its way to destroy the enemy’s wires.3.Is this source trustworthy? Why?Yes, this soldier was in this battle and he saw everything that happened around him.4.How is this different from Source A? Is this more trustworthy than source A?This is different from document A because this time is a soldier the one who is narrating what he saw. I would honestly say that this source is more trustworthy than source A because in Source A the author was not permitted to see or be in a lot of stuff, however inthis source, this soldier saw everything.Document C: German SoldierOtto Lais was a soldier in German Infantry Regiment 169. He was a machine gunner and fought at the Battle of the Somme. Here is an excerpt from his memoir recounting his experience during the battle’s first day. The date of his memoir is unknown. It was originally published in 1935.