When they are labeled they begin to believe it is true and then they may adopt

When they are labeled they begin to believe it is

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- When they are labeled they begin to believe it is true, and then they may adopt a decent identity and begin acting in deviant ways. A companion issue that arises in labeling theory is the notion that being labeled as criminal promotes individuals' identification with their stigmatized status. - Labeling Theory: c) The three social process theories: Critical Theory 3. Conflicts between competing interest groups, like rich against poor, men against woman, etc., have one group with more power than the other group. - Argues that crime is largely a product of capitalism, that laws are created to separate haves and have-nots and are wielded by those of power. Not one of these theories explains completely how someone commits a criminal act, but they get hints to why some commit them There was a main focus on male offenders that women and young girls tended to be ignored - Feminist theory: emphasizes gender involvement in crimes Women and Crime Corporate crimes: crimes committed by wealthy or powerful individuals in the course of their professions or occupations; includes price-fixing, insider trading, and other white-collar crimes. People are rational beings but motivated by a desire to maximize pleasure and minimize pain - Believes the social control theory would fit this crime False advertising, patent abuse, wartime trade violations, price fixing, fraud, or intended manufacturing and sale of faulty goods. - Defined as "a crime committed by a person of respectability and high social status in the course of his occupation." White-Collar Crime Identity theft: where the offender assumes someone else's identity, uses the other person's stolen credit cards, steals his or her login credentials, and preforms countless other such acts Postal schemes: leaving town with payments for orders, offering to arrange a "guaranteed" business loan or employment in exchange for an "advance fee," and more Religious cons: religious cults, televangelists, or organizations scam money from the church Phony accident claims: insurance fraud, people fake accidents or forge accident claims Nigerian letter scams: often emailed, they are pleas to help transfer money from Nigeria or some other part of the world, for which the recipients will be rewarded handsomely Paper hanging: passing bad checks, forgery, and other such fraudulent acts. Related Fraudulent Acts New Section 1 Page 10
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Paper hanging: passing bad checks, forgery, and other such fraudulent acts. Phony fund - raising: offenders may target victims of natural disasters or other types of victims Cons: offenders involving nonexistent home electrical or plumbing repairs, fortune tellers who persuade people to bury their money in a cemetery so as to lift its "curse," and so on Hundreds of other assorted swindles: schemes, frauds, deceptions, stings, rip - offs, hoaxes, and rackets. Financial gain - Armed robbery: Money in order to maintain their "high-living" lifestyle - Need for cash - The "thrill" of the act - Revenge - Burglary: Opportunity (weighing potential risks and rewards) - Situational inducements (peer pressure, need for cash or drugs, or revenge) - Carjacking: Motives
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  • Spring '17
  • Jerry Manduca
  • criminal law, prosecutor

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