Manassa thomas pope 1858 1934 early life a born in

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II. Manassa Thomas Pope (1858-1934) - Early Life A. born in Northampton County, 1858 B. family: free back to 1793; literate; landowners C. M.T. Pope sent to college at 16 (1874) 1. part of a generation of black men who came of age during Reconstruction, would be leaders from 1880s to 1910s D. medical school, 1882-1886 1. Leonard Medical School; importance of black doctors/professionals 2. Dr. Pope becomes first African American physician licensed to practice in NC E. marries Lydia Walden (1860-1906) III. Era of Possibilities...Shattered by White Supremacy A. Dr. Pope probably involved in election of U.S. Rep. Henry Cheatham in 1888 1. election defeats Furnifold Simmons; lays foundation for white supremacy 2. serves as assistant postmaster in Henderson (patronage job) B. Popes move to Charlotte in 1892 1. establishes practice in “boom” town on Trade Street 2. establishes Queen City Drug Company 3. helps to found insurance company 4. active in Republican/fusion politics a. Mecklenburg Black Republicans meet at 227 E. Trade St.; same building as Pope’s office and businesses C. outbreak of Spanish American War (1898) 1. war seen by northern and southern whites as time of reconciliation 2. war comes at height of white supremacy campaign 3. war seen by black leaders as opportunity to counter-act white sup. by showing black men as organized, disciplined, patriotic D. 3rd North Carolina Volunteers formed 1. only all-black regiment in nation with African American officers, led by James Young (politician, newspaper editor, classmate of Pope) 2. Dr. Pope officer, company doctor 3. regiment stationed in Georgia--saw no action 4. Dr. Pope writes to Rep. George White on behalf of regiment; White sees President McKinley (unit disbanded in 1899) IV. Life Under Segregation A. Dr. & Mrs. Pope move to Raleigh in 1899; year of first state segregation law B. buy property on S. Wilmington Street in 1900, build house in 1901 1. house represents status as physician in community 2. interesting neighborhood; in process of “sorting out,” but still multi-ethnic--Josephus Daniels lives on next block C. Dr. Pope establishes medical practice D. joins African American community organizations
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1. First Baptist Church 2. Prince Hall Masonic Lodge E. Dr. Pope defies disfranchisement; registers to vote in 1902 1. uses father’s freedman’s papers to qualify under “grandfather clause” 2. implications of registering: only 1/2 of 1% do so in Wake County F. first wife dies in 1906; marries Delia Haywood Phillips (1880-1955) in 1907 1. Delia Pope from prominent black and white families; great- grandfather was John Haywood, first state treasurer 2. sister of Mary E. Phillips, local educator, Jeanes teacher (Raleigh school today named in her honor) 3. Delia Pope a Madame C.J. Walker cosmetologist 4. daughters: Evelyn (1908-1995); Ruth (1910-2000) V. “We Wanted to Wake Our People Politically” A. North Carolina Black Republican Party re-activated in 1916 1. representatives from all parts of the state, including some officers from the 3rd North Carolina Volunteers; sent delegates to the Republican National Convention in 1916 2.
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  • Spring '08
  • Leloudis
  • History, White people, Raleigh, North Carolina

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