Mountain Men band of settlers from present day TN was one of the most well

Mountain men band of settlers from present day tn was

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Mountain Men, band of settlers from present-day TN, was one of the most well-known groupsClark targeted trading villages to weaken British support, captured Kaskaskia Feb. 1779 Clark launched surprise attack on Fort Sackville; tricked the village into believing they had more numbers than they actually did by bringing more Patriot flags and sustaining a lot of musket fireBrits were better at winning over Indians, but Clark undermined support for Redcoats in the west War in the SouthBrits switched their focus from Northern colonies to attacking Southern colonies; wanted Loyalist support, planned to free slaves who would be soldiersPitted Loyalists against PatriotsGeorgia was last to join AR, first to fall to BritishCharleston, SC, one of the biggest Brit victories, 14,000 Brits under Gen. Henry Clinton made colonists surrender 4 ships and 5,400 prisoners in May 1780 with about 250 casualtiesAugust 1780, Patriots under Horatio Gates tried to retake Camden, SC. Unsuccessful bcof lack of wellfed and rested manpowerGen. Nathanael Greene devastated by disorganization at CamdenMajor victory at King’s Mountain in Oct. 1780 for Patriots against LoyalistsGuerilla warfare- swift hit and run tactics to which Southern Patriots switchedFrancis Marion, best at guerilla warfare, organized a group of guerillas called Marion’s Brigade, used surprise attacks to disrupt Brit communication and supply linesMarion was known as Swamp Fox bc Brits could not catch himBattle of Yorktown1781- Benedict Arnold turned traitorCA regrouped under Nathanael Greene and harassed Brits in NC and SCJames Armistead, a black spy posing as a runaway slave, spied on Arnold and Cornwallis Cornwallis moved 7,200 men to Yorktown, Virginia in hopes to stay in communication with British naval fleetGW trapped Cornwallis at Yorktown in Oct. 1781 by ordering Lafayette to block Cornwallis’s escape by land, combining his 2,500 troops with 4,000 French troops (commanded by Comte de Rochambeau) and leading them on a march to cut off all other escape routesFrench naval fleet seized control of Chesapeake Bay, preventing British ships from rescuing Cornwallis’s troopsWeeks of siege and fighting wore down British troopsOct. 19, 1781, Cornwallis sent a drummer and a soldier w/ white flag to Washington’s camp to surrender, Patriots took 8,000 prisoners (largest Brit army in Amer.)Last major battle of the ARTreaty of ParisFew small battles happened after YorktownBc they didn’t have the $$$ for new army, Brit. started peace talks w/ Amer. Delegates took more than 2 years to come up w/ the Treaty of Paris 1783: GB recognised America’s independenceAfter war’s end, Patriots returned to home and families
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