This is the hybrid of total government
ownership and complete private ownership.
Some writers have also identified other forms of ownership such as:
political parties and politicians ownership
foreign or overseas ownership
religious bodies ownership, etc.
Ownership/editorial policy control
Media are public service organisation and as such, come under several
controls. One of such controls is ownership control.
It is often said that
“Who pays the piper dictates the tune”. Literary, this means that a piper
must play the tune to satisfy the person who has hired him. Every news
medium belongs to either an individual or group of individuals or an
organisation or a government. Owners control their newspapers through
the editorial policy. The editorial policy of a new medium is a broad
based set of ideas normally or usually formulated before the take off of
the medium especially the print medium and articulated on the first day
of appearance under what is called mission statement. The editorial
policy states the angle or point of view that will guide the newspaper
news and features including its editorials, and ideas, desires, and
interests it would protect and project.
Advertising is one of the major sources of revenue for media
organisations. As such advertisers exert some sort of control over what
goes in the media. This is because he that pays the piper dictates the
tune. With their financial power and influence, they do not only choose
how their messages should be crafted, but also decide the page
placement and the time to air their adverts in the broadcast media.
Every society is governed by plethora of laws that guide human actions
and activities. This is because it is believed that if every man and
woman were free to do what he/she likes anywhere, anytime, there will
be no more freedom as every man or woman would be concerned with
his/her own protection from the other person.
Governments everywhere thus, recognise
Plato’s statement that
“without law, man differs not at all from most ravage beasts.” To this