People from all social classes commit crimes Poor social classes more likely to

People from all social classes commit crimes poor

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People from all social classes commit crimes. Poor social classes more likely to be overrepresented in the criminal justice system Crime in Canada and in the United States (Ouimet 1999) 4 crimes; two countries; controls for regional variation and city size Crimes: Homicide, burglary, robbery, car theft US crimes have higher rates in the south, due to slavery, history of inequality, How crime varies between city sizes Cultural hypothesis Americans had a more individualistic view on crime, arrived before police and settled disputes themselves Canadians more likely to give up individual freedoms for the good of the whole Structuralist explanation
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US has higher rates of crime bc of higher inequality, discrimination, poverty than canada The US has higher crime rates for more serious crimes. Crime rates for less serious and more frequent crimes are comparable between the two countries. Large inner urban cities have much higher gun violence Excluding large cities makes a big difference 2.38 CND excluding large cities; 3.91 including 3.62 US North excluding large cities; 29.56 including 5.43 US Central excluding large cities; 24.86 including 8.46 US South excluding large cities; 34.78 including Conclusions Differences between US and Canada are driven by large crime rates in American cities Ghettos in the US are conducive to violence, i.e. poverty, drug sales, gang fights and guns. Canada does not have equivalent type of ghettos to the US Homicide rate are higher in the US than in Canada, period but… Mostly driven by large cities “What makes U.S. Crime rates appear much higher than Canadian ones can be attributed to a small number of states and cities that have extraordinary high crime rates” (389). –Residential segregation of the poor in these cities –Availability of firearms Female defendants treated more leniently throughout the whole bretrial Less likely to be denied bail, more likely to be granted release, smaller bail amounts
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  • Fall '13
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  • property crime, History of Crime Statistics

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