It is available in both quick onset and continuous release oral forms and

It is available in both quick onset and continuous

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discontinued. It is available in both quick-onset and continuous- release oral forms, and common adverse effects of the drug are headache, prolonged drowsiness, and dizziness. Question 20 1 out of 1 points A 64-year-old-patient has been prescribed lorazepam (Ativan) because of increasing periods of anxiety. The nurse should be careful to assess for Response Feedback: The patient who has history of alcohol or substance abuse may be a poor candidate for lorazepam because the patient is more likely to develop dependence on the drug. Alcohol will also have an additive effect with lorazepam. A diet high in fat and carbohydrates or nicotine use should not affect the use of lorazepam. Question 21 1 out of 1 points A postsurgical patient has been provided with a morphine patient-controlled analgesic (PCA) but has expressed her reluctance to use it for fear of becoming addicted. How can the nurse best respond to this patient's concerns? Response Feedback: Addiction to opioids is a rare occurrence among hospital patients who do not have a history of drug abuse. It would be inappropriate to downplay the patient's concerns, however. A more appropriate response would be to explain the phenomenon of dependence and to differentiate it from addiction. Question 22 1 out of 1 points A 62-year-old woman has been prescribed a fentanyl transdermal patch for chronic cancer pain. The patient asks the nurse how long it will take for her to experience pain relief. The nurse will instruct the patient that she should feel pain relief in approximately
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Response Feedback: The nurse will instruct the patient that it will take approximately 24 hours for the full pain-relieving effect of a fentanyl transdermal patch to occur. Question 23 1 out of 1 points A nurse is caring for a patient who abuses marijuana. The treatment for marijuana abuse consists mainly of Response Feedback: Treatment for marijuana abuse consists mainly of nonpharmacologic interventions combined with an exercise program to help deal with withdrawal symptoms and cravings for the drug. Treatment of LSD and PCP use is necessary only when the user experiences a “bad trip.” Parlodel is given for cocaine addiction. Patients with acute inhalant intoxication may need respirator assistance. Question 24 1 out of 1 points A patient with mild low back pain has been advised to take acetaminophen. The nurse will inform him that excessive intake of acetaminophen may result in Response Feedback: A patient taking acetaminophen should be taught the common adverse effects of the drug, which include rash, urticaria, and nausea. Nausea, not gastrointestinal distress, is a common adverse effect of acetaminophen. Flushing, dizziness, and feelings of tingling, heat, and fatigue are the most common adverse effects of sumatriptan, not acetaminophen. Question 25 1 out of 1 points A 39-year-old patient who is having trouble sleeping is beginning drug treatment with zaleplon (Sonata). The nurse will be sure to ask the patient if she is taking Response Feedback: The nurse will assess for cimetidine use. Cimetidine greatly increases the level of circulating zaleplon and could cause toxic effects in the patient. Secobarbital is a barbiturate, and oxycodone and meperidine
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  • Fall '13
  • Pharmacology, Week 5, adverse effects, Benzodiazepine, Advanced Pharmacology

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