ANS:T23.In Selman’s initial stage of perspective-taking, children appear unable to understand why someone would want to do something different than they want to do.ANS:T24.Members of high status groups are more likely to be prejudiced.ANS:TCOMPLETION1._____ parenting combines warmth and caring but little parental control.ANS:Permissive2.Learning what not to do by observing someone else is called _____.ANS:counterimitation3.Any action that discourages the reoccurrence of a response is a(n) _____.ANS:punishment4.When a parent unwittingly reinforces a behavior that he or she is trying to discourage has fallen victim to the _____ trap.ANS:negative reinforcement215
5.If, after being divorced, both biological parents retain legal custody of their children, they are said to have _____ custody.ANS:joint6.A(n) _____ family minimally consists of a biological parent, a child, and a step-parent.ANS:blended7.Ridiculing a child is best described as _____ abuse.ANS:psychological8.The ability of a child to respond adaptively and resourcefully to a new situation is called ego-_____.ANS:resilience9.Voluntary and mutual liking between two people is the definition of _____.ANS:friendship10._____ occurs when two friend spend much of their time discussing each other’s personal problems.ANS:Co-rumination11.A(n) _____ consists of several similar cliques.ANS:crowd12._____ children are liked by most of their classmates.ANS:Popular13.When aggression is unprovoked and appears to be solely done for the purpose of humiliation, harassment, or intimidation, it is best classified as _____ aggression.ANS:hostile14.The concept of “she thinks that he thinks that” is best associated with _____ thinking.ANS:recursive216
15._____ is having a negative view of others based on their membership in a specific group.ANS:PrejudiceESSAY 1.Contrast the following terms: negative reinforcement trap, punishment, and time-out. Whichtechnique seems to be the most effective? ANS:Answer not provided.2.Describe how marital relationships, a child’s age, and a child’s temperament all contribute to the manner in which a parent “parents ” a child.ANS:No answer provided.OBJ:7.1 3.Are only children more like first-borns or later-borns? Explain. 4.Doug and Meredith are getting divorced, and they have one son in elementary school and one daughter in middle-school. Explain what they can do to limit the amount of problems their children will have with this impending divorce.
- Spring '09
- d., c., negative reinforcement trap