Ex friend thinks about divorcing his wife he is

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separated and discrepant. (ex. friend thinks about divorcing his wife, he is capable of explaining exactly why it is wrong which is self-efficacy in terms of carrying out the behaviors necessary to make a good argument. on the other hand he knows his friend and it will not have an effect therefore low outcome expectancy 6 Thursday, February 10, 2011
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Self Efficacy Effects: Choice of activities high degree of self-efficacy will chose challenging goals Effort ; with high self-efficacy we put more effort in Persistence if we think we can accomplish something we will persist despite obstacles. Thought patterns evidence that our thought patterns are more constructive and mastery oriented and when we don’t have self-efficacy we are more critical and maladaptive. Emotional reactions Greater anxiety when lacking in self efficacy Self-Esteem is not the same as Self-Efficacy. Example: Prof is a person of high self esteem but he could list 10 areas where he has low self-efficacy which is independent of global self-esteem. There is not an exact match between behavior and self-efficacy. therefore it is easy to find two people with the same skill level and different levels of self efficacy. bandura highlights the critical role of self-efficacy 7 Thursday, February 10, 2011
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V. Self-Regulation A. Internal causes of behavior a term that classical learning theory would not use. bandura says we use self- regulation, guide our own behavior with goals, plans. B. Self-Regulation 1. Definition 2. Three components a) setting standards b) self-evaluation c) administering rewards/punishment apparently we do this covertly, mentally and continually (according to the theory) C. Determinants of self-regulation if you do research on depression you find that people are different in the standards they set for themselves (some have to be 99% perfect). self evaluations are very different 89 one will be so happy and the other will feel stupid. different in terms of how self-punishing and rewarding they are 8 Thursday, February 10, 2011
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C. Determinants of self-regulation Observational learning acquisition we acquire through observational learning how family reacts to situations, etc Vicarious learning later performance we see how people are reinforced for having high standards, etc direct reinforcement repeated performance new book came out 2nd generation Chinese American that is controversial because she has decided she will not caudal her children but she will demand from her children high performance and she will not allow anything frivolous... if it is expected in your family then you will pick up on that and get reinforcement, etc for it. We are nervous about the emotion cost of this 9 Thursday, February 10, 2011
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VI. Reciprocal Determinism
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